- Collection ID:
Four Horns, approximately 1814-1884
- Physical Description:
colored pencil, ink, and watercolor
18 x 26 cm.
Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
55 drawings (on 54 leaves) of war deeds drawn on the blank backs of loose-leaf printed roster sheets of the Thirty-first US Infantry, forms dated 1868. Also included: Autograph letter signed from John P. Williamson. Fort Randall, Dakota Territory December 12, 1881. 2 pages and 7 page "Index" describing each drawing. Also typed carbon copy, 5 pages with miscellaneous typed notes by Stirling, 3 pages. Scenes are identified in an accompanying handwritten Index provided by James Kimball based on information provided by unknown Indian sources. He identifies all pictures as illustrating exploits of Sitting Bull. An accompanying 1881 letter from John P. Willliamson, Fort Randall, Dakota Territory, amends that to identify a series of 15 drawings as representing war deeds of Jumping Bull, based on an interview with Sitting Bull. All Sitting Bull pictures except No. 55 contain his name glyph and many include his identifying shield. The Jumping Bull pictures have no name glyphs and are identified based on information provided by Sitting Bull to Williamson.
NAA MS 1929A
United States South Dakota Fort Randall.
MS 1929A 000
For history, description, and reproductions, see M. W. Stirling, "Three Pictographic Autobiographies of Sitting Bull," SMC volume 97, number 5, Washington, D. C., 1938, pages 3-34.
Using the Collection
Manuscript 1929A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
A copy made by Four Horns of autobiographical drawings by Sitting Bull and Jumping Bull. According to information accompanying the drawings, the original works were made at the time of a Sioux dance celebrating a victory over the Crow and illustrate the feats which entitled Sitting Bull to special credit. While they were in the possession of Sitting Bull's adopted brother Jumping Bull, Four Horns copied forty of them, as well as 15 drawings made by Jumping Bull . An unidentified Sioux brought the copies to Fort Buford, where they were acquired by James C. Kimball, Asst. Surgeon, in August 1870. The drawings with explanations obtained rom other Indians were deposted with the Medical Director's Office, Dept. of Dakota on March 14, 1871. Later in the same year they were transferred to the Army Medical Museum in Washington, DC. They were subsequently transferred to the BAE on May 15, 1915 by Dr. D.S. Lamb of the Army Medical Museum.
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road