National Anthropological Archives

MS 2001-10 Anonymous Lakota winter count on muslin

Collection ID:
Physical Description:
1 Drawing
pencil, ink, and watercolor on muslin
89 x 176 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Pictorial calendar drawn on muslin in spiral form beginning at the center, covering the years 1752-3 to 1886-87. There is no documentation regarding who created the winter count. It is believed to have been collected on the Rosebud Reservation by John Anderson.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
John Anderson (1869-1949) homesteaded in Cherry County, Nebraska in 1883; by 1885 he was working for rhe US Army at Fort Niobrara. He became a photographer and took hundreds of photographs of the landscape and people of Nebraska and South Dakota, particularly of people on the nearby Rosebud Reservation. Many of his negatives are now in the collection of the Nebraska Historical Society. He also assembled a collection of Indian material, now in the Sioux Indian Museum in Rapid City, South Dakota.

Custodial History
The calendar was donated to the NAA in 2000 by Dr. Tim Tackett. It was found among the effects of Myrtle Miller Anderson, widow of John Anderson, who lived for many years with the donor's mother, her niece.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Manuscript 2001-10, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 2001-10

United States Dakota Territory Rosebud Indian Reservation.
United States South Dakota Rosebud Indian Reservation.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 2001-10

Published in a paper by in the 4th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Also published in The Year the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian, C. Greene and R. Thornton, eds, 2005. Also published on the NAA's "Lakota Winter Counts" website,

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746