National Anthropological Archives

MS 2002-27 Quitone Kiowa calendar

Collection ID:
Physical Description:
171 Drawings
25 leaves
graphite, watercolor, and ink on card stock
28 x 22 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The calendar consists of 171 pictographs on heavy card stock. Each page contains two to four pictographs, arranged top to bottom and left to right. The calendar entries cover the period 1825 - 1921. A red diamond is used to signify winter and a green or yellow bar to signify summer. A depiction of the forked Medicine Lodge pole often accompanies the symbol for summer. No information is known about the original production of this calendar. However, the pictures are a close match to a tracing that Wilbur S. Nye made in the 1920s of a calendar on cloth belonging to Jimmy Quitone, although arranged in a different format, and this may be considered a variant of the Quitone calendar. Nye's tracing is in the collection of the Fort Sill Museum in Oklahoma together with his notes about the version that he examined. He recorded that while Quitone owned the calendar when he made the tracing, it had been produced by Johnny Anko and Hauvahte. Huvahte may be an alternate rendering of Habate, or Haba. Nye believed that the calendar was destroyed when the Quitone home burned in the 1930s.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Jimmy Quitone (Wolf Tail) was one of the elders from whom W.S. Nye recorded much information about Kiowa history. According to Nye, he was the father of George Hunt and Guy Quitone. Hugh Corwin provides anecdotal information about Quitone, including a note that he died in 1956 at the age of 101. For additional biographical information see: W.S. Nye, Bad Medicine and Good: Tales of the Kiowa, University of Oklahoma, 1962. Hugh Corwin, The Kiowa Indians Their History and Life Stories, 1958.

Custodial History
Candace Greene donated the calendar to the National Anthropological Archives in 2002. She had received the calendar in 1984, as a gift from a former professor at the University of Oklahoma, William E. Bittle. Greene was a doctoral student at the university when Bittle retired in 1984. When he was departing, he left the calendar with another faculty member, asking him to pass it along to her because of her interest in Plains drawings. At the time she assumed that the calendar was a student project, probably a copy of a published calendar. However, as she became more familiar with Kiowa materials, she realized that the calendar did not follow any published works and should be considered an independent source of information. Greene contacted Dr. Bittle, but he recalled very little about its acquisition beyond the fact that someone in Oklahoma had given it to him many years before.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Manuscript 2002-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 2002-27

Local Note
Local Note
The collection record is based on information presented in Candace S. Greene and Russell Thornton, The Years the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian, University of Nebraska Press, in press.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 2002-27 000

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Pictographs Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kiowa Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746