National Anthropological Archives

MS 2002-28 Kiowa calendar on canvas

Collection ID:
Physical Description:
1 Item
pictorial calendar 77 drawings
graphite and colored pencil
10 x 213 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The calendar consists of 77 entries drawn on a piece of coarse cotton cloth with one selvedge edge and one edge machine hemmed. The entries begin near one end of the strip and move from left to right in a staggered linear sequence, stopping well short of the opposite end. Summer and winter entries alternate, with the register of summer entries drawn above the register of winter entries. A green forked pole accompanies pictures for summers when the Medicine Lodge ceremony was held. A yellow diamond outlined in blue indicates winter seasons. The calendar covers the period between 1862 and 1901. No information is known about the original production of this calendar.

Custodial History
This calendar was purchased by the Smithsonian in March 2002 from Historical Artifacts, Inc. of Gerryowen, Montana. They had acquired it through Butterfield's Auction House in 2000, consigned from the private collection of Rex Arrowsmith, an Indian art dealer. It was misidentified as a Sioux pictograph drawing from the 1890s, based on the accompanying history published in the Butterfield's catalog: "This pictograph was obtained from the family of Indian Agent Charles Lyman Ellis. Mr. Ellis was a Federal Indian Agent and spent most of his career working with the Sioux in South Dakota, first arriving there in 1904." It is not known whether this piece actually came from Ellis or whether his name was associated with the object erroneously.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Manuscript 2002-28, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 2002-28

Local Note
Local Note
The collection record is based on information presented in Candace S. Greene and Russell Thornton, The Years the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian, University of Nebraska Press, in press.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 2002-28 000

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Pictographs Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kiowa Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746