National Anthropological Archives

Preliminary guide to the documents regarding calendar paintings by Kiowa artist Charles Rowell and Anko

Collection ID:
Rowell, Charles E.
circa 1965-1970
Physical Description:
0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection contains Charles Rowell's typed and hand-written interpretations of Anko's calendar, A sound recording of Rowell discussing the Anko calendar, and newspaper clippings relating to Rowell's paintings based on Anko's calendar.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Ankopaingyadete, also known as Anko, was a Kiowa warrior who kept a seasonal and monthly calendar that covered the years from 1864 to 1892. Originally written in a notebook, he copied the calendar onto hide at the request of Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) ethnologist James Mooney. Anko's original notebook is in the collections of the National Anthropological Archives. His original hide painting went missing after it was sent to be photographed for the BAE annual report circa 1895.
Charles E. Rowell (1909-2004) was a Kiowa artist from Oklahoma, who claimed kinship with Anko. In the 1960s, he painted several calendars based on Anko's painted hide calendar, one of which is in the anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History. He also conducted research into and wrote up interpretations of the drawings in Anko's Calendar.
Sources consulted:
Greene, Candace S. and Thornton, Russell. The Year the Stars Fell. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.
Mooney, James. "Calendar history of the Kiowa." In Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology 17 (part 1), 1895-96.

Gina Rappaport
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The documents were donated along with Charles Rowell's painted hide based on Anko's Calendar by Lisa Henley to the Department of Anthropology Collections, National Museum of Natural History, in 2015. The documents were separated and transferred to the National Anthropological Archives.
Custodial History
The calendar was purchased by Dr. Thomas H. and B. Glorine Henley from Charles Rowell in the late 1960s.
Separated Materials
The collection came to the Smithsonian along with Charles Rowell's hide-painted calendar based on Anko's calendar, which now forms Accession No. 2071188 in the anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Preferred Citation
Documents regarding calendar paintings by Kiowa artist Charles Rowell and Anko, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian.

Related Materials
Anko's original notebook containing calendar forms part of MS 2538 in the National Anthropological Archives.
Other of Charles Rowell's painted hide calendars are in the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology in Bristol, Rhode Island, and and the Carson County Square House Museum in Panhandle, Texas.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Anko (Ankopaingyadete) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746