MS 2016-c Anonymous drawing, possibly Cheyenne, of mounted warrior
Digitized Content

Collection ID:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907
Physical Description:
1 Item
13 x 15 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Single leaf drawing depicting a mounted warrior wearing feathered bonnet. Manuscript caption in red ink on front reads, "this Indian man not war because this man play Running Horse the man very nice play." Manuscript caption in same ink and handwriting on reverse reads, "... this man name Ark-wor-gar-ne."

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Albert S. Gatschet (1832-1907) was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern [Ph.D., 1892]); University of Berlin. Early in his career, he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his interests was the etymology of Swiss place names. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew, of the United States Geological Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey). Eventually John Wesley Powell employed him as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions. When it was founded in 1879, he joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and continued there until he retired in 1905. For the Powell Survey, Gatschet researched the ethnography of the Klamath in Oregon and the Modoc in Oklahoma. He also collected Native American material objects and investigated special problems for Powell's classification of the American Indian languages north of Mexico, working on languages of the Southeast, including groups forcibly settled in the southern Plains. He not only visited well known tribes but also searched out small groups, including the Biloxi and Tunica. He also worked with the Natchez, Tonkawa, Chitimacha, and Atakapa in the United States and Comecrudo and several other small groups in northern Mexico. Through library research, he studied the Timucua, Karankara, and the Beothuk. During the later part of his career, Gatschet was assigned comparative work on all the Algonquian languages. Although the project was never completed, he collected much about many of the languages, especially Peoria, Miami, and Shawnee. In addition, he worked with members of diverse tribes of the eastern United States. For more information, see NAA finding aid located at

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA INV 08660200
NAA MS 2016-c

Local Note
Local Note
This drawing does not appear to be directly associated with works by Daniel Littlechief in Ms. 2016-a.
Local Note
Ink on ruled paper.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 2016c 001

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Manuscript 2016-c, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Custodial History
Custodial History
Drawing found in Albert S. Gatschet's notebook, MS 2016-b. Assumed to be Cheyenne based on that association.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Blackfeet Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746