MS 2018 Hand colored photographs of drawings from Fort Reno Scout ledger
Portions of this collection are digitized

Collection ID:
Fort Reno (Okla.) Scouts.
Mooney, James, 1861-1921
Evans, Neal W. (Neal Wiltbank), 1844-1894
Physical Description:
13 Photographs
hand colored
12 x 20 cm.-15 x 20 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Drawings of warfare and courting. Original manuscript captions on drawings include Big Horse, Red Wolf, Bird Chief, Tall Red Bird, and Red Eagle. Photographs have hand-written numbers, apparently referring to pages in the original. One has a note by James Mooney on the reverse; "Cheyenne Pictures from Evans Cheyenne Picture Book 1906."

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Fort Reno (located near present-day El Reno, Oklahoma) was a military camp established in 1874 to protect the personnel in charge of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency in Indian Territory. Besides overseeing the Cheyenne-Arapaho reservation, Fort Reno personnel also assisted with extracting unauthorized settlements on Indian land prior to the 1889 land run and employed many American Indians as scouts. Between 1885 and 1895, Fort Reno employed Indian scouts to assist U.S. Soldiers patrolling reservations in Indian Territory. Many of these scouts also produced a wide variety of drawings. For more information about Fort Reno, see For more information on the Fort Reno Scouts see "Artists in Blue: The Indian Scouts of Fort Reno and Fort Supply" by Candace S. Greene, American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 1992: 50-57; and "Washee and the Indian Scouts of Fort Reno: Cheyenne and Arapaho Ledger Art at the End of the Nineteenth Century" by Bates, Kahn and Lanford, American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 2001:44-53, 87.

Custodial History
There are 139 drawings in the original manuscript, which Neal W. Evans, the post trader at Fort Reno, collected in 1887. The book measures 12 1/4 x 7 1/2 in., includes the work of several artists, contains some battle images but mostly courting or social scenes, and bears an inscription stating that the drawings were made by the scouts at Fort Reno and the battle images are from the wars of the 1860s. Mooney viewed this book in 1906 when it was in the possession of Neal Evans. For photo of ledger drawing and comparison photo with NAA's see correspondence August 30, 1982 PJF 82-1038.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 2018

Local Note
Local Note
Photographs of drawings from a ledger book, hand-colored in pencil, ink, and watercolor.

United States Indian Territory Fort Reno.
United States Oklahoma Fort Reno.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 2018 001

Digital Content
More …
Using the Collection
Manuscript 2018, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746