Anonymous Lakota drawings of horses

Collection ID:
Brotherton, D. H.
Physical Description:
6 Drawings
4 leaves
graphite, colored pencil, and crayon
21 x 26 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Plains Indian drawings on the leaves of a book created by stitching together two folded sheets of printed forms, yielding four leaves. Two leaves with drawings on both sides, for a total of six drawings executed in graphite and colored pencil. The paper is unused forms for reports of Quartermaster's Stores with the printed dated 18__.
Drawings are all of horses, with faint figures of a courting couple in one image. The authorship of the drawings is unknown. They appear to be by two hands, one of whose work also appears in MS384,177 and MS28804. The original identification as "Sioux," subsequently changed to the more specific Lakota, may be in error as noted in the record for MS384,177. Other possible tribal origins include Assiniboine, Arikara, and Crow, the latter two groups a source of Army scouts. The drawings likely date to 1880-1884, the period of Brotherton's western service.
Pictures of horses drawn on printed forms: "Monthly Return of Quartermaster's Stores." Probably collected 1880-84.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
A chronology of D.H. Brotherton's military career, was provided by Major General Edward F. Witsell of the War Department in a letter to John Ewers, SI, dated August 29, 1946: "Brotherton who was on duty at Ft Snelling, Minn from 4 February 1880 to 13 July 1880 assumed command of Ft Buford, Dakota Territory 20 July 1880 and relinquished command of that post 30 August, 1881. He assumed command of Ft Stevenson, D.T. 7 September 1881 and relinquished command of the post 20 October 1881." War Dept Archives states: Ft Snelling 12 June 1882 - 16 Jan 1884. Retired 14 April 1884. Died 17 September 1889. D.H. Brotherton accepted the surrender of Sitting Bull at Ft Buford, N. Dakota on July 17, 1881.

Immediate Source of Acquisition
Brown, T. T. Mrs
Custodial History
The drawings were received in 1946, as part of a collection assembled by David H. Brotherton during his military career. The material passed through several hands before reaching the museum, having gone from Col. Brotherton to his widow, to her sister, and thence to the sister's daughter, Mrs. Thomas T. (Ruth) Brown, the donor. Materials were identified to tribe primarily by museum staff, almost all as Sioux; a few evidently came with further identifying information. The collection consisted primarily of artifacts and was registered by the USNM as Accession 173,740 and cataloged in the general Anthropology collection. In the 1970s materials on paper were transferred to the NAA including two sets of drawings (384,176 and 384,177), a series of photographic prints of American Indians (now part of Photo Lot 24, 00615600-00616100 and 00942600), and watercolors by Herman Stieffel, 5th Infantry, of events and locations in Kansas and Montana (now at Smithsonian American Art Museum).

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
USNM ACC 173,740
NAA MS 384,176

United States Dakota Territory.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 384176 000

Using the Collection
Manuscript 384,176, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746