Book of drawings by Anonymous Kiowa artist
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.MS392725
Creators:
Hubbel, Henry W.
Dates:
1875
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
1 Item
disbound volume of 20 drawings (11 leaves
graphite and crayon
18 x 22 cm.
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Twenty drawings on 11 leaves of ruled paper in a commercial notebook, now disbound. Drawings depict: rituals associated with the sun dance, warfare, dancers, men seated in painted tipis, mounted warriors, and a train.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Brigadeer General Henry W. Hubbel was stationed at St. Augustine, Florida from October 26, 1873 to December 2, 1875. He was subsequently stationed at Ft. Sill, Indian Territory (Oklahoma) from August 16, 1875 to August 18, 1876. While at Ft. Marion Hubbel served as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 1st Artillery.
Biographical / Historical
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
USNM ACC 203,386
NAA MS 392,725
OPPS NEG MNH 1269-K

Local Note
Local Note
Gen. Henry W. Hubbel was stationed at St. Augustine, Florida from October 26, 1873 to December 2, 1875. He was subsequently stationed at Ft. Sill, Indian Territory (Oklahoma) from August 16, 1875 to August 18, 1876. Evidence suggests that Hubbel acquired this set of drawings from a Kiowa prisoner at Ft. Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. A second book of drawings collected by General Hubbel was offered for sale by George Terasaki in the 1990s. It contains an inscription describing the incarceration of the southern plains prisoners at Ft. Marion and indicating that the images were drawn by one of the prisoners. This establishes that Hubbel visited Ft. Marion and obtained a set of drawings from one of the prisoners. Thus it seems likely that the collection of drawings at the NAA were also obtained at Ft. Marion, although they were not created by the same artist. However, a comparison of drawing of a train in Ms. 392,725 and a drawing of a train in a book in the collection of the National Museum of the American Indian (Collection #20-6236) suggest that these drawings were created by the same artist. As the latter set of drawings was collected at Ft. Marion, the results of this comparison seem to indicate that Ms. 392,725 was also created there.

Place
Place
United States Florida Fort Marion.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 392725 000

Using the Collection
Citation
Manuscript 392,725, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Custodial History
Custodial History
The drawings were collected by Brigadeer General Henry W. Hubbel. They were donated to the Smithsonian Institution by General Hubbel's daughter Miss Edith S. Hubbell of Warrenton, Virginia on October 5, 1954 and assigned accession number 203386.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kiowa Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fort Marion artists Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/