MS 39-a Book of drawings by unidentified Cheyenne artist at Fort Marion, Florida
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.MS39A
Dates:
1875 August
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 Item
disbound volume of 21 drawings (23 leaves
graphite and colored pencil
21 x 27 cm.
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Artist's sketchbook, now disbound, containing scenes of daily life, dances, hunting and a picture of birds. Individual leaves numbered 1 through 23. Cover of the drawing book inscribed in pencil "Drawn by Making Medicine, Cheyenne Prisoner, St. Augustine, Fla. Aug. 1875." Inscriptions on individual leaves by same hand, probably Lt. Richard Pratt.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort under supervision of Lt. Richard Pratt. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies
On microfilm negative reel 32.
Author

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 39A
OPPS NEG 55,025 - 55,046

Local Note
Local Note
The original identification of the artist as Making Medicine based on the inscription is in error, based on comparison to other known examples of the artist's work, including Ms. 39B. Re-identified as anonymous Cheyenne artist by Candace Greene, 2002.

Place
Place
United States Florida Fort Marion.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 39A 000

Digital Content
More …
Using the Collection
Citation
Manuscript 39A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Custodial History
Custodial History
Originally collected by the U.S. War Dept.; stamped, "Ordnance Office, Rec'd. Sep. 15, 1875; War Dept. Museum." Transferred to the collection of the U.S. National Museum in November 1877 and entered into the Anthropology department catalog as no. 30,664, where it was recorded as collected by Lt. Emmett Crawford, USA.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Federal-Indian relations Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance -- Medicine Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance -- Sun Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Amusements -- Wrestling Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Habitations -- Medicine Lodge Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Marriage and family -- courting Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- Buffalo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- antelope Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- elk Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- bear Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- Turkey Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
War -- warriors Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zoology -- wild horses Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zoology -- Buffalo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cheyenne Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/