National Anthropological Archives

MS 39-d-1 Book of drawings by anonymous Lakota artists

Collection ID:
ca. 1876
Physical Description:
1 Item
disbound volume of 84 drawings (55 leaves)+ 1 letter
graphite and colored pencil on ledger sheets
21 x 26 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Drawings of scenes of warfare, horse raids, courting, and ceremonies on pages of a ledger book, now disbound, covers not retained. Several pages bear storekeeper's (?) accounts of agricultural implements issued, in the names of several Indians. Dates on these sheets range 1873- July 1876. On one sheet the words "Pine Ridge, D. T." are written in pencil, now faded, followed by other writing in the Dakota language (11001600b). One phrase on this sheet ("miye heraka kin") seems to identify one artist as The Male Elk. Page 47 bears the words "waluta tokala ala eciyapiye" ("red root fox they call him"). The drawings appear to be by multiple artists, probably Teton Lakota.
Scope and Contents
An accompanying letter by James Mooney (1906) gives his opinion of the drawings, which were sent to him for comment. He believed them to be Western Sioux, of "about 30 years ago."
Scope and Contents
Names given in store keeper's ledger, (Pine Ridge, D. T.?): Black Hawk, The, Bear Eagle, Bone Necklace Son, Charger, Dog Eagle, Fats Son, The, Frozen Foot, Good Thunder, Half, The, Handle, Hawk, The, Iron Horse, La Barge, Tom, Laravi, Alex, Martin, Lewis, Meshel, One That Hurts Himself, The, Painted Arm, The, Pole, The, Rattler, The, Speach Maker, Spotted Horse, Standing Bear, Straight Head, Two Tails, Whirlwind, White Stone.

Using the Collection
Manuscript 39D-1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 39D-1

Local Note
Local Note
With autograph letter signed from James Mooney, Cantonment, Oklahoma, to W. H. Holmes, Chief, Bureau of American Ethnology, April 9, 1906, identifying the drawings as "Western Sioux, of date about 30 years ago."

United States Dakota Territory Pine Ridge Agency.
United States South Dakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation

Album Information
Album Information
MS 39D1 000

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
War -- Lakota Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance -- Lakota Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Language and languages -- Documentation Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746