National Anthropological Archives

MS 39-d-2 Drawings by Tichkematse and others

Collection ID:
Tichkematse, 1857-1932
Physical Description:
13 Drawings
12 leaves
graphite, crayon, watercolor, and ink
20 x 23 cm.-22 x 54 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Some items were incorrectly grouped with MS 39C. 10 of the drawings are heavily water and mildew damaged, now laminated, primarily scenes of warfare. The origin of the drawings and their association to each other is not recorded. Three drawings are attributed to the Cheyenne artist Tichkematse on the basis of style, and two others are inscribed with names that have been identified as Cheyenne. Three are from an unknown Plains tribe. One contains copies of scenes appearing in the Bloody Knife robe pictures in Ms. 2372. One pictures two Fijian (?) figures drawn in a Western style.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Tichkematse a.k.a. Squint Eyes, Quchkeimus (1857-1932) was among the men held prisoner at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida, from 1875-1878. While imprisoned, he learned to speak English and to read and write. Upon release he attended school at the Hampton Institute in Virginia for about a year before coming to work at the Smithsonian, primarily preparing bird and mammal specimens. During his time at the Smithsonian, he also produced drawings illustrating his old life on the Plains. In 1880 he returned to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in what is now Oklahoma, but he continued his affiliation with the Smithsonian, collecting bird and mammal specimens as well as craft items acquired from Cheyenne friends and relatives, which he shipped to the museum. For additional information on Tichkematse, see Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion by Karen Daniels Petersen (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 1971), "Squint Eyes: Artist and Indian Scout" by Bob Rea, (2002), and "Tichkematse: A Cheyenne at the Smithsonian" by Candace Greene, (2000)

Immediate Source of Acquisition
Mooney, James

Digital Content
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Using the Collection
Manuscript 39D-2, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 39D-2

Album Information
Album Information
MS 39D2 000

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746