MS 4851 Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., papers and photographs
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.MS4851
Creators:
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966
Allyn, Harriet M.
Antevs, Ernst V.
Baker, Frank C.
Chaney, Ralph W.
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977
Figgins, J.D.
Gazin, C. Lewis (Charles Lewis), 1904-1996
Guthe, Carl E. (Carl Eugen), 1893-1974
Hall, Marion
Harcus, John
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992
Hitchcock, Virginia Beth
Hooton, Earnest Albert, 1887-1954
Howard, Edgar B.
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976
Judson, Sheldon
Kellogg, A. Remington
Krieger, Alex D. (Alex Dony), 1911-1991
Leonard, Jane
McCarty, Oscar
Miller, Carl F.
Moomaw, Jack C.
Ray, Cyrus N.
Reiter, Paul David
Richards, Horace G.
Shapiro, Harry L. (Harry Lionel), 1902-1990
Shepard, Anna O.
Van Devanter, D.W.
Van Riet, Clarence
Wheat, Joe Ben
Woodbury, George
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976
Anderson, Jack C.
Baby, Raymond S.
Atkins, Ruth
Deacon, John C.
Greenwood, Walter B.
Hill, Ernest H. Jr
Kyte, Dorothy
Leonard, Jane
Morgan, Dorothy
Smith, George Hubert
Stern, Theodore
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997
United States. Federal Civil Works Administration
Dates:
undated
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
1 Item
Papers : 5.4 linear feet (16 boxes
1 Item
Photographs : ca 3100 prints and negatives
1 Item
Maps and illustrations
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection of Rober's papers and photographs is almost excluvely concerned with his scientific fieldwork and resulting publications. It is not complete; for example, there is little in the photographs concerning his work at Agate Basin in Wyoming (though some related site forms are part of the records of the River Basin Surveys). Apparently, some of the series that form the records of the RBS began as Roberts's own files and were simply continued once his interest turned to the administration of the RBS. For instance, there is correspondence concerning Robert's work in New Mexico among the RBS correspondence series. The file of correspondence in manuscript 4851 is a miscellany with few letters from any one correspondent.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr. studied history and English at the University of Denver and after receiving his B.A.worked briefly as a journalist. Entering graduate school at Denver he was influenced by Etienne Bernadeau Renaud and, later, Jean Allard Jeacon. Although his studies toward a master's degree were in political science, he carried out archeological work among ruins in the Piedra-Pagosa region of the San Juan River valley in southwestern Colorado and became an instructor in archeology at the University of Denver. In 1923, he became an assistant curator at the Colorado State Museum.
Biographical / Historical
Robert's formal training in archeology came through subsequent studies at Harvard University, where he received a Ph.D. in 1927. While a student, he worked during the summers of 1925 and 1926 for Neil Merton Judd on expeditions to Chaco Canyon. Judd offered him the opportunity to study pottery sequences, expanding upon work already carried out successfully for the Piedra region. From his work under Judd, Roberts produced his dissertation. The work also led to a permanent appointment as an archeologist with the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology in 1926.
Biographical / Historical
For some time after this, Roberts continued to work primarily among ruins in the Southwest. In 1927, he conducted excavations at Shabik'esche Village in Chaco Canyon and carried on excavations at Kiathuthlunna on the Long H Ranch in eastern Arizona. In 1930, he excavated in the Village of the Great Kivas on the Zuni reservation and, in 1931-1933, worked along the Whitewater River in eastern Arizona and at a site near Allantown, Arizona. For the University of New Mexico Field School in 1940-1941, Roberts directed expeditions to the Bc-53 site in Chaco Canyon.
Biographical / Historical
Throughout this work Roberts's primary interest was "the early structure and sequences of Southwestern culture." This led to Roberts's ultimate interest in the problem of early man in America. He was asked to inspect the discoveries at the original Fosom site in 1927, and over time became convinced of an error in contemporary thinking about the relatively recent arrival of humans in the New World. He was increasingly drawn to study the problem and particuarly after 1933, devoted most of his field work to it. Between 1934 and 1940, he worked at Lindenmeier, a Folsom campsite in northern Colorado. In 1941, he excavated the Mons site near the Peaks of Otter in Virginia, though failing to find expected remains of early man. In the same year, he worked at a Folsom site at San Jon, New Mexico, and, in 1942, another Folsom site in the Agate Basin in Wyoming. In 1943--again in connection with this interest in early man--he carried out a reconnaissance of the Clear Fork of the Brazos River in Texas. In addition, Roberts inspected other sites in Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming, Nebraska, and Saskatchewan.
Biographical / Historical
Roberts also worked briefly with other interests. In 1932, he served as an advisor to the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C., in its excavation at Chichen Itza and Uxmal in the Yucatan. In 1933-1934, he conducted a Civil Works Administration expedition to excavate mounds in the Shiloh National Military Park in Tennessee. In 1956-1960, he was on the advisory council for the National Park Service's Wetherill Mesa Project.
Biographical / Historical
In the administration of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Roberts became the assistant chief under Matthew Williams Stirling in 1944. In 1946, he became, in addition, the director of the BAE's River Basin Surveys, a salvage archeological program concerned with areas where the federal government was planning dams and reservoirs. In 1947, he became the associate director of the BAE and, in 1958, its director. In addition to these duties and his scientific work, Roberts served as American representative to the League of Nations' International Conference of Archeologists at Cairo in 1937 and as representative on the International Commission for Sites and Monuments in 1939-1942. During World War II, he was involved with the Ethnogeographic Board, an organization that provided liaison between federal war agencies and the scientific community. For the board, Roberts prepared a survival manual and a volume on Egypt and the Suez Canal that was issued as one of the Smithsonian's War Background Studies. For several years later in his life, Roberts was also on the National Council for Historical Sites and Buildings. He also served the Smithsonian on committees concerned primarily with personnel.
Biographical / Historical
Outside official duties, Roberts represented the American Anthropological Association on the National Research Council in 1935-1949. In 1936, he was president of the Anthropological Society of Washington and, in 1944, vice president of the AAA. In 1949, he became president of the Washington Academy of Sciences. A founding member of the Society for American Archaeology and a member of the committee that drafts its constitution and bylaws, Roberts served that organization as president in 1950. In 1952, he became a vice president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
MS 4851

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The photographic negatives are in special storage and require advance notice to view.
Citation
MS 4851, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Early man -- in America Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shiloh National Military Park Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lindenmeier site, Colorado -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bc53, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shiloh Mound, Tennessee -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Jon, New Mexico -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Piedra District, Colorado -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kiathuthlanna, Arizona -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Village of the Great Kivas, New Mexico -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Whitewater District, Arizona -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Colorado -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Mexico -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Agate Basin, Wyoming -- Archeology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wyoming -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clear Fork site, Texas -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Texas -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pagosa Springs, Colorado -- archeolgoy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Peaks of Otter -- Virginia -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Virginia -- Archeology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/