National Anthropological Archives

Guide to MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings, 1887

Collection ID:
Tichkematse, 1857-1932
1887 April
Physical Description:
1 Volume
8.75 x 5.5 inches

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of a small notebook of ruled paper containing twenty-one drawings by Tichkematse, one (1) cyanotype photograph, and one (1) note. The notebook has been disbound and the covers retained. The drawings document an 1887 hunting excursion taken by Colonel Bliss of Fort Supply (in Indian Territory) and Major John Dunlop, a visitor to the fort from Washington D.C. Included in the collection are a cyanotype picture featuring Colonel Bliss, end papers, and covers of the book as well as a typescript note pasted to the inside cover describing the drawings. Many drawings are inscribed with names identifying the figures, most of whom are Cheyenne men who were enlisted as Army scouts.

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Tichkematse, also known as Squint Eyes, (1857-1932) was among the men held prisoner at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida, from 1875-1878. While imprisoned, he learned to speak English and to read and write. Upon release he attended school at the Hampton Institute in Virginia for about a year before coming to the Smithsonian. There he was trained in the preparation of bird and mammal specimens for study and display. During his time at the Smithsonian, he also produced drawings illustrating his old life on the Plains, full of buffalo hunts and battles as well as everyday camp life. In 1880 he returned to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in what is now Oklahoma, but he continued his affiliation with the Smithsonian. He was active in collecting bird and mammal specimens as well as craft items acquired from Cheyenne friends and relatives, which he shipped to the museum.
Major John Dunlop was a supply sergeant in San Antonio before the Civil War. He then went to Mexico, and later to Washington. While in Washington he met Col. Bliss and the maintained a friendship over time, resulting in his visiting Bliss in Indian Territory and participating in the hunt depicted.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Fort Supply, established in 1868, was initially designated as a supply camp where U.S. Cavalry troops could restock and refresh themselves. It was from this post that Custer and the Seventh Cavalry marched to the Battle of Washita. Over the next twenty-five years, soldiers from Fort Supply performed duties that included peace-keeping and monitoring of the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation and the Cherokee Outlet as well as monitoring the Land Run of 1893. From 1869 to early 1870, the post served as the temporary location for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency.

Custodial History
Purchase/donation from Mr. and Mrs. David D. Longmaid, April 24, 1991. David Longmaid was the grandson of Major John Dunlop. The Tichkematse notebook was passed down through the family, eventually coming into Mr. and Mrs. Longmaid's possession. In the 1970s, the drawings were loaned to the NAA for study and a photographic record made of the entire book (Photo Lot R79-24). After return to the owner, drawings were separated from their binding and many were sold separately to individual collectors. In 1991 the remaining drawings were acquired by the NAA in a purchase/donation.

Digital Content
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Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.

Related Materials
The National Anthropological Archives holds a photographic copy of the complete book of drawings in PhotoLot R79-24.
The National Anthropological Archives holds additional drawings by Tichkematse in MS 39-d-2 Drawings by Tichkematse and others and Tichkematse and Etahdleuh drawings (MS 290844).

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 7500

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Works of art Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fort Supply (Okla.) Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
North America Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746