Elizabeth H. and Sarah S. Metcalf photograph collection relating to the Philippines, circa 1890-1944

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.107
Creators:
Metcalf, Elizabeth H. (collector and probable photographer)
Dates:
circa 1890-1944
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
735 prints
circa
albumen, platinum, cyanotype, and silver gelatin (some on postcard stock)
150 postcards
circa
halftone, collotype, and chromolithograph
560 negatives
circa
nitrate
175 negatives
circa
glass
85 lantern slides
circa
5 Linear Feet
Manuscript material :
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The collection comprises photographs documenting Philippine people, including Benguet, Bogobo, Igorot, Ifugao, Moro, and Negrito people, and their natural and built environment; it also includes photographs of the military presence in the Philippines. The photographs, including prints and postcards, were made and collected by Elizabeth H. and Sarah S. Metcalf during their time on the islands and at the Louisiana Purchase (1904) and Lewis and Clark Expositions (1905). Images of Philippine peoples depict ceremonies as well as daily activities, including agriculture, hunting, construction of dwellings, and markets. Additional postcards and photographs in the collection were collected and made during the Metcalf sisters' travels in Switzerland, Yemen, Algeria, Egypt, Malaysia, Japan, and Hawaii. Many of the postcards and some photographs were commercially made, but most of the photographs appear to have been made by the Metcalfs, including some photographs printed on postcard stock. The collection also includes correspondence, financial documents, artifact descriptions, lecture notes, and many clippings.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Sisters Elizabeth Henshaw and Sarah Sprague Metcalf became interested in the Philippines and Bagobo people after attending the Philippine Reservation at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in Saint Louis, 1904. Particularly impressed by the Bagobo gong music, they developed acquaintances with several of the participants. The following year, the Metcalfs attended the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland, Oregon, and again interacted with the Philippine peoples there, who were mostly Igorot. Middle-aged and unmarried, the sisters set off for Minanao the following year. They spent several months in Zamboanga before moving to Santa Cruz where they were closer to the Bagobo people. During their stay in the Philippines (1906-1910), the Metcalfs photographed and advocated for their Bagobo friends and amassed an extensive collection of indigenous artifacts. Uncertainties relating to the First World War brought the sisters back to the United States in 1910 and Elizabeth presented their ethnological research to the American Anthropological Association the following year. Around 1915, they returned to the Philippines, where they settled in Manila and sold indigenous handicrafts in their "Little Home Shop." Elizabeth and Sarah remained in Manila until their deaths in 1925 and 1939, respectively.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Copy negatives for nitrate negatives are available.
Author
Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 107

General note
General note
Biographical information mostly taken from Cherubim A. Quizon, "Two Yankee Women at the St. Louis Fair: The Metcalf Sisters and their Bagobo Sojourn in Mindanao," Philippine Studies 52, no. 4 (2004): 527-555.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 107, Elizabeth H. and Sarah S. Metcalf photographs relating to the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional photographs and material relating to the Metcalf sisters are held in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97 and the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file).
Location of Other Archival Materials
Artifacts collected by the Metcalf sisters are held in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology and in the National Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology collections in accessions 114868, 124603, 123977, and 57787.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Folder list is available in repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Dwellings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bagobo (Philippine people) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Negritos -- depicted Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Postcards Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Agriculture Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Igorot (Philippine people) -- depicted Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Benguets -- depicted Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Moros -- depicted Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gerhard Sisters Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Metcalf, Sarah S. (collector and probable photographer) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/