Penoyer L. Sherman photographs of school buildings in the Philippines, 1900
Digitized Content

Collection ID:
Sherman, Penoyer L., Jr
Physical Description:
37 Negatives
dry-plate glass

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs made by Penoyer Levi Sherman for the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Most document school buildings in Manila, though there are also images of a roof being raised, demolition of the outer walls of Manila, and rope making. A group portrait depicts native teachers in Manila.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
In 1900, the United States government board of the Pan-American Exposition appointed Frank F. Hilder to travel to the Philippines and gather material for the government's exhibit on American colonial territories at the 1901 exposition in Buffalo, New York. When Hilder arrived in Manila, he engaged the services of Penoyer Levi Sherman, a chemist and graduate from the University of Michigan who had moved to the Philippines with the Bureau of Goverment Laboratories. Hilder hired Sherman to take photographs for the exhibition, but Sherman had considerable difficulty making photographs in the hot, wet climate and was forced to delay his work.
During the delay, Sherman tried to gain an appointment as the Smithsonian's representative in the Philippines for a continuing program to collect artifacts, but the Smithsonian declined his services. By the time the photographic project resumed, Sherman apparently considered himself no longer under the employ of the Institution. It was perhaps for this reason that the negatives in this collection were given to the Smithsonian but the prints of school children were first sent to officials of the United States Bureau of Education. Sherman did not make prints for the negatives of the school buildings, for he claimed the furnished paper was unsatisfactory.

Existence and Location of Copies note
Digital surrogates are available online.
Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 138

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 138, Penoyer L. Sherman photographs of school buildings in the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Penoyer L. Sherman photographs of Philippine people (Photo Lot 106A).
Location of Other Archival Materials
Related photographs of schoolteachers and students in Manila are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
The negatives were donated to the Smithsonian, probably with other exposition collections funded by the museum in 1901.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Filipinos Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manila (Philippines) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schools -- Philippines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746