Joel Emmons Whitney portrait of Little Crow, circa 1862

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.2000-25
Creators:
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886
Dates:
circa 1862
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 mounted print
albumen
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Carte de visite with portrait of Little Crow, a chief of the Mdewakanton Dakota Sioux and leader of the Sioux uprising in 1862. The photograph is copyrighted 1862 but this carte de visite was published through Whitney's studio Whitney & Zimmerman, active 1870-1871.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Joel Emmons Whitney (1822-1886) moved in 1850 to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he would remain for most of his professional photography career. Almost immediately, he began to photograph under the name Whitney's Gallery (1851-1871). In early 1851 he partnered with George C. Nichols to open the daguerreotype gallery Whitney & Nichols and Whitney opened an independent studio later that year. Under the tutelage of Alexander Hesler, he continued making daguerreotypes, which he marketed as "Pocket Editions of Nature" and exhibited at fairs in New York and Minnesota. Whitney partnered with William S. Combs (1867-1869) and then purchased Martin's Art Gallery from James Edgar Martin. In 1870, he employed and then partnered with Charles A. Zimmerman, to whom he sold his business in 1871.
Little Crow (circa 1810-1863), also known as Taoyatiduta, was a Mdewakanton Dakota chief known for his participation in the Treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota of 1851 and his leadership during the Sioux uprising in 1862. After a loss at the Battle of Wood Lake in September 1862, Little Crow fled to Canada but soon returned to Minnesota. He was killed on July 3, 1863, by Nathan Lamson, who collected the bounty for Little Crow's death.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 2000-25

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 2000-25, Joel Emmons Whitney photograph of Little Crow, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Sioux

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional Joel Emmons Whitney and Whitney & Zimmerman photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 140, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 99-4, Photo Lot 4605, and the BAE historical negatives.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional images of Little Crow held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4659, Photo Lot 4286, and the BAE historical negatives.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated by Joe Soebbing, 2000.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mdewakanton Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Little Crow, d. 1863 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Whitney & Zimmerman, photography studio Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/