Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers, 1871-1874

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.4501
Dates:
1871-1874
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
1 Folder
Papers :
70 Stereographs
albumen
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. They include images of expedition party members, archeological sites, pueblos, Southwest Indians (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave Indians), and scenic views in Canyon de Chelly, canyons of the Colorado River (including the Grand Canyon and Black Canyon), Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.
The collection includes two complete sets of the stereographs published by the War Department Corps of Engineers, which were collected by John R. Swanton and Alice C. Fletcher, and an incomplete set donated by Vincent McMullen. It also includes lists and notes (circa 1935-1948) regarding the photographs prepared by F. M. Fryxell and Bruno Klinger, as well as stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They documented American Indian tribes and geography in the region, in order to make accurate maps; selected possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads; and noted resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan would go on to become the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, DC.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 4501
,
NAA MS 4500
,
NAA MS 4499
,
NAA Photo Lot 4558

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 4501, Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Coyotero
Jicarilla

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Descriptive lists and notes relating to the expedition photographs, previously filed in MS 4499, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These notes also relate to the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian and form part of this collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Complete sets of Wheeler Expedition stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers, previously filed in MS 4500 and Photo Lot 4558, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These stereographs are duplicate sets and form part of this collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 167.

Contained in
Contained in
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)

See others in
See others in
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1874

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
This collection is assembled from photographs and notes collected in the Bureau of American Ethnology in and prior to 1953. An incomplete set of 20 stereographs was donated by Vincent McMullen (MS 4501), a former member of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, on December 8, 1953. A complete set of 50 stereographs was donated by John R. Swanton (MS 4500), circa 1937. Another complete set of 50 stereographs were included in the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, probaby collected by Fletcher.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ute Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apache Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zuni Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Stereographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zuni (N.M.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Grand Canyon (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Colorado River Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mohave Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Basin Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986 (author) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bell, William, 1830-1910 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/