John Rutter Brooke photograph collection from Camp Supply and Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, circa 1867-1891

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.4599
Creators:
Brooke, John Rutter, 1838-1926
Dates:
circa 1867-1891
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
17 mounted prints
albumen
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs mostly made by William S. Soule and George E. Trager, and probably acquired by John Rutter Brooke while stationed with the US Army at Camp Supply (circa 1873) and the Department of the Platte (1888-1895). Photographs by William S. Soule document life at Camp Supply, depicting Arapaho Indians (including Chief Powder Face), tipis and encampments, drying bison meat, and one image of Cheyenne captives, identified as Dull Knife, Curly Hair, and Big Head. Photographs by George E. Trager (through his studios Trager and Kuhn and the Northwestern Photographic Company) depict Red Cloud, Pine Ridge Agency, Rosebud Agency, and a Grand Council between Plains Indian chiefs at Pine Ridge. The collection also includes three images relating to a Ute Bear Dance at Uintah Agency.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
John Rutter Brooke (1838-1926) graduated from Ursinus College shortly before enlisting in the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry division in April 1861. At the age of twenty-three, Brooke was granted the rank of colonel and served as the commanding officer for the 53rd Pennsylvania volunteer regiment. He led the 53rd at Antietam and a brigade of the Union Army's 1st Division during the Gettysburg campaign, leading to his appointment as Brigadier General in 1864. During peacetime, Brooke participated in the removal of American Indians to reservations. He commanded troops at Camp Supply in 1873, the U.S. 7th Cavalry during the attack at Wounded Knee, the Department of the Platte when the Ghost Dance War began in 1890 and the 1st Corps during the Spanish-American War. In 1897, he was promoted to major general and served as military governor of Puerto Rico and Cuba in the last years of the 19th century. Brooke returned to the United States as commanding officer of the Department of the East, eventually retiring to Philadelphia in 1902.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 4599
,
NAA MS 4598
,
USNM ACC 63760

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 4599, John Rutter Brooke photograph collection from Camp Supply and Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Sioux

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Photographs previously filed in MS 4598 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4599. These photographs were also collected by John Rutter Brooke and donated in accession 063760 and form part of this collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional Soule photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 3912, MS 4791, MS 2531, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97-6, and the BAE historical negatives.
Location of Other Archival Materials
John R. Brooke also donated a large copper nugget, a bolo and sheath, and a dagger, which are held in the collections of the Department of Anthropology in accession 063760.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania holds John Rutter Brooke papers.

Contained in
Contained in
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated by Major General John R. Brooke to the US National Museum in 1919 along with additional photographs, books, and some artifacts (accession 63760). These photographs were originally held in the museum's Division of Military History, and were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives October 28, 1960.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Camps Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cooking Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tipis Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oglala Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arapaho Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cheyenne Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fort Supply (Okla.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trager and Kuhn Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trager, George E. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Northwestern Photographic Company, photographer's studio Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/