- Collection ID:
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966
- Physical Description:
ca 3100 Photographs
Prints: 8 boxes; Nitrate negatives: 15 boxes, 1 MS folder; Acetate negatives: 8 boxes; Glass negatives: 2 boxes plus sink-mats; Lantern slides: 4 trays
This material forms the photographic component of MS 4851, the Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr. papers. The bulk of the photographs document Pueblo and Basketmaker period sites excavated by Roberts, particularly in Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico, and Paleo-Indian sites including Lindenmeier in Colorado and San Jon in New Mexico. In addition there are photographs of the Shiloh Mound site in Tennessee. Other sites studied by Roberts around the United States are represented to a smaller degree. There is also a small series that relates to sites outside the United States. The collection includes images of human remains.
Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr. photographs document the early years (1921-1941) of Roberts' career - first as a graduate student in archaeology and then as an archaeologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. There are over 3100 images, the bulk of which relate to Pueblo and Basketmaker period sites excavated by Roberts, particularly in Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico and Paleo-Indian sites including the Lindenmeier site in Colorado and San Jon in New Mexico. In addition there are photographs of the Shiloh Mound site in Tennessee. Other sites studied by Roberts around the United States are represented to a smaller degree. There is also a small series that relates to sites outside the United States.
Site images show excavations, artifacts and human remains in situ, workers and their camps, and the general area surrounding the excavations. There is a large series showing artifacts including pottery and stone and bone tools from various sites. Many of the site and artifact photographs appear in Roberts' and others' publications. Some of the published photographs are arranged as such however most are filed in site or artifact series. Also in the collection is a small number of Roberts' personal photographs and several images of the Smithsonian Institution buildings and grounds.
The collection also contains several photographic reproductions of maps used in publication, but more cartographic material can be found in MS 4851.
The collection contains images of human remains.
The collection is organized into the following series:
- Archaeological sites, chronological
- Archaeological sites, alphabetical
- Foreign travels and sites
- Lantern slides
Each photograph has a unique identifier which is a combination of the collection number, series or subseries abbreviation, and an item number. For instance, "4851SJ34" is item 34 in the subseries San Jon; 4851AF129 is item 129 in the series Artifacts.
Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Frank H. H. (Harold Hanna) Roberts (1897-1966) was an archaeologist with the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of Ethnology from 1926 until his retirement in 1964. See Judd, Neil M. "Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr, 1879-1966," American Anthropologist 68, 1966, for a comprehensive biography and bibliography.
Student archaeologist on expedition to Pagosa Springs, CO sponsored by the State Historical Society of Colorado and the University of Denver
Instructor, University of Denver
Archaeological reconnaissance to the Piedra District in SW Colorado for the State Historical and Natural History Society of Colorado
Assistant Curator of Archaeology, Colorado State Museum, Denver
Assistant in anthropology, Harvard University
At Chaco Canyon, NM; worked with Monroe Amsden on Pueblo pottery study for the National Geographic Society's Pueblo Bonito Expedition led by Neil M. Judd
At Chaco Canyon, NM in conjunction with the National Geographic Society's Pueblo Bonito Expedition; discovered and excavated Shabik'eschchee Village
Archaeologist for the Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
Directed expedition to early Pueblo site in Piedra District, Co
Directed expedition to early Pueblo site at Kiathuthlanna, AZ on the Long H Ranch between St. Johns and Houck
Directed expedition to Village of the Great Kivas, NM
Directed expedition to Whitewater District, AZ
Expedition to Shiloh National Military Park at Pittsburgh Landing, TN
Directed expeditions to Lindenmeier site, CO
US representative to the International Congress of Archaeologists in Cairo, Egypt
August 1940 and 1941
Directed expeditions to Bc-53 site in Chaco Canyon, NM for the University of New Mexico Field School
Reconnaissance expedition to Mons site near Peaks of Otter, VA
Directed expedition to San Jon site, NM
Reconnaissance expedition to Clear Fork site near Abilene, TX
Assistant Chief, Bureau of American Ethnology
Director, Smithsonian Institution River Basin Surveys
Associate Director, Bureau of American Ethnology
Director, Bureau of American Ethnology
Some prints in the Lindenmeier series had been loaned to Edwin Wilmsen and were subsequently absorbed into the collection Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr., and Edwin N. Wilmsen's Papers Concerning the Lindenmeier Site, Larimer County, Colorado in the archives; these prints were reunited with Photo Lot 4851. The Shiloh Mound series also had prints separated and formed into Photo Lot 137; these prints were reunited with Photo Lot 4851 and Photo Lot 137 dissolved.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Roberts deposited his papers and photographs with the Bureau of American Ethnology archives in 1964, prior to his retirement from the BAE.
Existence and Location of Copies
Roberts photographs relating to Chaco Canyon have been digitized and are available via the Chaco Research Archive website.
The collection was processed by Gina Rappaport in 2009-2011. Previous processing of the photograph component of MS 4851 included imposing a basic arrangement; this was maintained to some degree but with some re-arrangement to restore some original order. To the extent possible, all negatives and prints were matched, with a single identifier given to each image in the format 4851[series.item]. Roberts' numbering of the Lindenmeier subseries was maintained. It should be noted that not all negatives have associated prints, and some prints do not have associated negatives; therefore, both the prints and the negatives may need to be consulted to view all of the images.
Collection and image descriptions provided in this finding aid were compiled using the best available sources of information. Such sources may include the creator's annotations or descriptions, collection accession files, primary and secondary source material (i.e. documents, publications, and websites), and subject matter experts. While every effort is made to provide accurate information, it is understood that errors may reveal themselves following review by other subject experts, and new information is welcome.
Selected publications by Roberts
- 1927. "A late basket maker village of the southwest" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1929. "Shabik'eshchee Village: a late basket maker site in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 92
- 1929. "Recent archaeological developments in the vicinity of El Paso, Texas," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Vol. 81
- 1929. "Two ancient Indian cultures in eastern Arizona" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1930. "Early pueblo ruins in the Piedra District, southwestern Colorado," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 96
- 1930. "A Prehistoric village on the Zuñi reservation" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1931. "The ruins at Kiatuthlanna, eastern Arizona," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 100
- 1931. "An important archaeological site in eastern Arizona" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1932. "The Village of the Great Kivas on the Zuñi reservation, New Mexico," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 111
- 1932. "Some early pueblo remains in eastern Arizona" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1933. "An Arizona village of a thousand years ago" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1934. "Indian mounds on Shiloh battlefield" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1934. "A Folsom camp site and workshop" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1935. Further investigations at a Folsom campsite in Northern Colorado" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1935. "A survey of southwestern archaeology" Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1936. "New developments in the problem of the Folsom Complex" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1936. "A Folsom complex: Preliminary report on investigations at the Lindenmeier site in northern Colorado," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Vol. 94, No. 4
- 1937. "The Lindenmeier site in Northern Colorado contributes additional Data on the Folsom complex" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1937. "Additional information on the Folsom complex: Report on the second season's investigations at the Lindenmeier site in northern Colorado," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Vol. 95, No. 1
- 1938. "On the trail of ancient hunters in western United States and Canada" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1938. "The Folsom problem in American archaeology" Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1939. "Archaeological remains in the Whitewater District, Eastern Arizona, Part I: House types." Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 121
- 1939. "Excavations at the Lindenmeier site contribute new information on the Folsom complex" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1940. "Archaeological remains in the Whitewater District, Eastern Arizona, Part II: Artifacts and burials." Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 126
- 1940. "Latest excavations at Lindenmeier site add to information on the Folsom complex" Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution
- 1943. "Archaeological and geological investigations in the San Jon district, eastern New Mexico," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections Vol. 103, No. 4
- 1944. "The New World Paleo-Indian" Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution
- "Egypt and the Suez Canal," Smithsonian Institution War Background Studies No. 11
Selected publications by others
- Bryan, Kirk, and Ray, Louis L. "Geologic Antiquity of the Lindenmeier site in Colorado," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 99, No. 2, 1940.
- Judd, Neil M. "The Material Culture of Pueblo Bonito," Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 124, 1954
- Welch, Paul B. Archaeology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999. University of Alabama Press: Tuscaloosa, 2006
- Wilmsen, Edwin N. and Roberts, Frank H.H. "Lindenmeier, 1934-1974: concluding report on Investigations," Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology Vol. 24, 1978
Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Conditions Governing Access
Access to the Frank H. H. Roberts Jr. photographs requires an appointment.
Original negatives are in special storage and require advance notice for viewing.
Photo Lot 4851, Frank H. H. Roberts Jr. photographs in MS 4851, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Other collections and manuscripts in the NAA that include material by Roberts, document Robert's work, or pertain to subjects in this collection can be found in the Records of the Bureau of Ethnology, the BAE Numbered Manuscripts, the Records of the Department of Anthropology, and the papers of John P. Harrington, Esther S. Goldfrank, Neil M. Judd, Herbert W. Krieger, Donald J. Lehmer, Frank M. Setzler, and William Duncan Strong. The Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA) holds a number of Roberts' films.
The anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History hold artifacts collected by Roberts.
Other Finding Aids
Other Finding Aids
A guide to MS 4851, the Frank H. H. Roberts Jr. papers, is available in the repository.
A container list for the negatives is available in the repository.
Item-level descriptions for the Shiloh Mound photographs are available in the collection.
National Anthropological Archives
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