United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, circa 1884-1885

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.6A
Creators:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)
Dates:
circa 1884-1885
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
78 prints
circa
albumen
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Army Medical Museum photographs prepared under the supervision of John Shaw Billings and Washington Matthews, and created by superimosing images of several skulls for comparative purposes. Each image has a caption that includes tribal or racial identification, number of skulls photographed, photograph number, negative number, and data on photographic technique.
The collection includes representations of Aleuts, Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Eskimo, Hidatsa, Navajo, Oglala, Ojibwa, Paiute, Piegan, Ponca, Wichita, African Americans, Hawaiians, and people of San Miguel and San Nicholas Islands (California).
Additional photographs by the Army Medical Museum included in the papers of Ales Hrdlicka, photographic lot 33, filed "Washington Matthews," and photographic lot 78-42.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 6A

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 6A, United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Blackfoot
Sioux

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 73-26C, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The National Anthropological Archives holds microfilm of the papers of Washington Matthews, circa 1864-1905, and records concerning skeletal material transferred to the Smithsonian Institution from the Army Medical Museum.

See others in
See others in
United States Army Medical Museum composite photographs of skulls, circa 1884-1885

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Photographs probably transferred by the Army Medical Museum.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dakota Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Comanche Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hidatsa Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eskimos Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apache Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arctic peoples Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cheyenne Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arapaho Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paiute Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Basin Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Subarctic Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hawaiians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African Americans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
anthropometry Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aleuts Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Piegan Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Skull Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wichita Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ponca Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/