C. Hart Merriam photographs of American Indians, circa 1902-1938

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Creators:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942
Dates:
circa 1902-1938
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
5,000 items
glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs depicting American Indian baskets and portraits of American Indians with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among the California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 74-27

General note
General note
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Merriamʹs family has requested that credit be given the C. Hart Merriam collection whenever the photographs are used.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Achumawi
Apache
Athapaskan, Athabaskan
Costanoan
Karok (Karuk)
Kulanapan
Lassik
Maidu
Mattole
Mission Indians
Pima (Akimel O'odham)
Shoshone

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated by C. Hart Merriam's daughter Dorothy M. Abbott, 1974.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Inventory available in repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Apache Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Athapascan Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Achomawi Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jicarilla Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Atsugewi Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Patwin Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Karok Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Klamath Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shasta Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shoshoni Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pomo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paiute Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Panamint Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pima Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mono Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nez Percé Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ohlone Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Basin Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Luiseño Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maidu Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Miwok Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Modoc Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Baskets Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Klikitat Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Laguna Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- California Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yana Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wintu Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yokuts Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yokayo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pueblo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tolowa Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taos Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Washo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wasco Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nisenan Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Subarctic Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Plateau Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hupa Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Muir, John, 1838-1914 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diller, J. S. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Meddaugh, O. E. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Boysen Studio Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/