Eugene O. Leonard photograph collection of Pocatello and Fort Hall, Idaho, circa 1880-1920
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.92-3
Creators:
Leonard, Eugene O.
Dates:
circa 1880-1920
Languages:
Undetermined
.
Physical Description:
4 Glass positives
6 Prints and postcards
photogravure
1 Tintype
100 Negatives
circa
glass
220 Copy prints
circa
9 Prints and postcards
cyanotype
99 Items
99 photomechanical prints and postcards
halftone, color halftone, collotype, photgravure
1,000 Negatives
circa
nitrate
734 Photographic prints
circa
silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum (including photographic postcards and cabinet cards)
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Unbound album pages (labeled A through Q) with photographs documenting the people and culture of the Pocatello-Fort Hall area, including American Indians (particularly Shoshone-Bannock tribes), agency employees, and missionaries. Included are images of encampments, Sun Dance ceremonies, the Fort Hall Agency, Indian schools and churches, the Run for Fort Hall Lands on June 17, 1902, the War Bonnett Roundup at Idaho Falls, Shoshone Falls and other natural features and landscapes, a large number of street and aerial views of Pocatello, A. L. Cook's drug store in Pocatello, and members of the Cook family. In addition, there are photographs of Nez Perce, Hopi, San Juan, and Navaho Indians, and one image of the Lapps Indians at Port Townsend, Washington. A large number of the photographs were made by Benedicte Wrensted.
The albums were compiled by Robert Leonard, Eugene O. Leonard's son, who also made copy prints of many of the photographs and negatives. They include flyers, newspapers, envelopes, and other scraps collected by Leonard.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Eugene O. Leonard (1884-1964) moved to Pocatello, Idaho, in 1893 to live with his aunt, the widow of A. L. Cook and owner of the Cook building and drugstore. Leonard attended Weiser College and Academy (now College of Idaho), Whitman College, and Northwestern University. He acquired degrees in phamacy and pharmaceutical chemistry from Northwestern University, and a degree in assaying studies from the Chicago College of Chemistry. After graduation from the College in 1908, Leonard returned to Pocatello to manage the Cook Drug Store until 1918. He worked as Pocatello City Chemist and set up the College of Pharmacy at Idaho State College, where he also taught and served as dean (1918-1954). In the 1930s, Leonard obtained a MS and PhD from Utah State University. Possibly encouraged by his collector aunt, Leonard established a collection of Indian material culture objects and documentations, including artifacts and these photograhs, based on his interest in the Shoshoni and Bannock Indians at nearby Fort Hall.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 92-3

Digital Content

Bibliography
Bibliography
Photographs published in Joanna Scherer, A Danish Photographer of Idaho Indians: Benedicte Wrensted, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 2006.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing. Many have associated prints.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 92-3, Eugene O. Leonard photograph collection of Pocatello and Fort Hall, Idaho, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Navaho
Shoshone
San Juan (Ohkay Owingeh)

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Idaho Museum of Natural History at Idaho State University holds artifacts collected by Eugene O. Leonard.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Bannock County Historical Museum in Pocatello holds the Leonard Family Papers, 1893-1917.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
The photographs passed from Eugene Leonard to his son Robert M. Leonard, who, with his wife, donated them to the National Anthropological Archives, circa 1990.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Partial inventory prepared by Robert Leonard available in repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Soda Springs (Idaho) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yellowstone National Park Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pocatello (Idaho) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pharmacy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shoshone Falls (Idaho) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sun Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schools Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Basin Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Camps Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bannock Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shoshoni Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nez Percé Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tewa Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Plateau Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Postcards Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eastman Kodak Company Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cobb, George N. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
H.G. Zimmerman & Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gifford, Benjamin A. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hedum and Bishop Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ahuja, D. A. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Andrews, Wesley Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Albertype Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cardinell-Vincent Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bennett's Lightning Portraits Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
The Rotograph Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Todd Photograhic Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Thayer, Frank S. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Detroit Publishing Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rothrock, George H. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rise, Carl H., 1888-1939 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rodgers and Newing Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newcomb Bros. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newman Postcard Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
McEvoy, J. J. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mitchell, Edward H. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leonard, Robert M. (photo album compiler and donor) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
J.L. Robbins Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wrensted, Benedicte, 1859-1949 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
William L. Koehne Studio Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Weitfle, Charles, 1836-1921 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Detroit Photographic Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Van Ornum Colorprint Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Hall Agency Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Union Pacific Railroad Company Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/