George Eaton Simpson photographs of the Caribbean and Nigeria, 1936-1964
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.93-14
Creators:
Simpson, George Eaton, 1904-1998
Dates:
1936-1964
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
521 Prints
silver gelatin
90 Negatives
acetate
70 lantern slides
347 Negatives
nitrate
185 color slides
4 Prints
Kodachrome color
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The collection documents George Eaton Simpson's fieldwork in Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Nigeria and consists of 704 unique images. The 1936 images of Haiti were primarily made at Milot, Fort Liberté, and Cap Haitien. The 1937 images were predominantly taken in Plaisance, Haiti; these include images of people, buildings, houses, street views, coumbites (communal work groups), a wedding ceremony and procession, markets, social gatherings with drumming and dancing, dancing demonstrations, and Vodun ceremonies. Images of Jamaica in 1953 and 1957 were made primarily in Kingston, Spanish Town, and Morant Bay; these depict people, buildings, houses, outdoor scenes, Revival Zion leaders and ceremonies, Jonkonnu (John Canoe) dancers, Rastafarian activists and leaders, and Kumina-related instruments. Images from Trinidad in 1960 primarily depict Maracas Bay, Tunapuna, and Port of Spain, and relate to the Shango Cult and the Spiritual Baptists (sometimes referred to as Shouters); included are religious participants, ceremonies, processions, baptisms, temples, and shrines and altars. The Nigerian images date to 1964, and largely depict subjects in Ibadan and Lalupon, including people, markets, a dance festival, temples, ceremonies, and shrines.
The photographs were primarily made by Simpson, but some were made in Jamaica by Frederic Ramsey, Jr. Many prints and slides are annotated by Simpson. The collection also includes a few reprints of articles based on Simpson's field work and words and musical transcription from Savalou Ricourt, a musician of Port au Prince in 1937.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
George Eaton Simpson (1904-1998) was an anthropologist who researched the various social aspects of Caribbean religions. Simpson received his BS from Coe College (1926), his MA from the University of Missouri (1927), and his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania (1934). He taught in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Oberlin College from 1947-1971. Simpson conducted fieldwork in numerous locales, including Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Nigeria, focusing primarily on Caribbean religions such as Vodun in Haiti, Rastafarianism in Jamaica, and the Spiritual Baptists in Trinidad. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including "The Vodun Service in Northern Haiti," "The Shango Cult in Nigeria and Trinidad," and Black Religions in the New World.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Digital surrogate is available online.
Author
Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 93-14

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 93-14, George Eaton Simpson photographs of the Caribbean and Nigeria, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Simpson's film footage of Plaisance, Haiti, held in Human Studies Film Archives HSFA 92.12.1.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional photographs from Simpson held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2001-24.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Oberlin College Archives holds the George E. Simpson Papers, 1940-1985.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Sound recordings by Simpson held in the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections in the Folkways Records Collection and the Moses and Frances Asch Collection.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated by George E. Simpson, 1992.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Dwellings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Spiritual Baptist -- Trinidad and Tobago Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Orisha religion Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Revivals Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rastafari movement Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Voodooism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schools Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Agriculture Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fishing Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Markets Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Haitians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trinidadians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black Carib Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yoruba (African people) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jamaicans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trinidad Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ibadan (Nigeria) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Haiti Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jamaica Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medicine Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cooking Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drummers (Musicians) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Christian sects Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Religion Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/