Preliminary guide to the George Eaton Simpson photographs, 1936-1964
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.93-14
Creators:
Simpson, George Eaton, 1904-1998
Dates:
1936-1987
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
521 Prints
silver gelatin
90 Negatives
acetate
70 lantern slides
347 Negatives
nitrate
185 color slides
4 Prints
Kodachrome color
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The collection documents George Eaton Simpson's fieldwork in Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Nigeria from 1936-1964. There are 704 images in several formats including negatives, prints, and slides. The photographs were primarily made by Simpson, but a few were made by Frederic Ramsey, Jr. Ramsey's prints are stamped on verso with his name. Many prints and slides are annotated by Simpson.
The collection also includes a few reprints of articles based on Simpson's field work and words and musical transcription from Savalou Ricourt, a musician of Port au Prince in 1937.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into six series:
  • 1. Haiti, 1936-1937
  • 2. Jamaica, 1953, 1957
  • 3. Trinidad, 1960
  • 4. Nigeria, 1964
  • 5. Lantern slides, undated
  • 6. Publications, 1940-1987

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
George Eaton Simpson (1904-1998) was an anthropologist whose focus was the various social aspects of Caribbean religions. He wrote over 60 articles and books, and taught sociology and anthropology at Oberlin College from 1947-1971.
Born in Knoxville, Iowa, Simpson received his B.S. from Coe College in 1926, his M.A. from the University of Missouri in 1927, and his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1934. In 1947 he began teaching at Oberlin College in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology. In addition to teaching classes, Simpson served on numerous committees and as department chair.
Simpson conducted fieldwork in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, Jamaica and Trinidad, and Nigeria. He focused primarily on Caribbean religions such as Vodun in Haiti, Rastafarianism in Jamaica, and the Spiritual Baptists in Trinidad. His fieldwork has been documented in numerous articles and books, including "The Vodun Service in Northern Haiti", "The Shango Cult in Nigeria and Trinidad", and Black Religions in the New World. He occasionally collaborated on articles with fellow anthropologists Joseph G. Moore and J. Milton Yinger. He also served as a visiting professor at several leading universities.
He was the recipient of numerous honors and awards including the Wellcome Medal for Anthropological Research, the Anisfield-Wolf Award in Race Relations (with J. Milton Yinger), Doctor of Humane Letters – Oberlin College, and Doctor of Humane Letters – Coe College.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Digital surrogates is available online.
Processing Information
Not all of the negatives have associated prints, and not all the prints have associated negatives. There are a few copy negatives of prints and slides in the collection. Many prints and slides are annotated; however some contain conflicting information.
While the lantern slides contain images that for the most part are duplicates, they are listed separately and arranged according to numbered lists included with them. This is done mainly because lantern slides were predominately used for presentations and therefore had a specific purpose for Simpson.
The materials were received in numerous packets, both labeled and unlabeled, and organized by location and format. Many of the sequences were not in order, and often separated into numerous packets. None of Simpson's notes from his fieldwork remain, so arrangement is based on the information available, primarily the print annotations and his published works. The collection was processed by Adam Fielding, 2010.
Author
Adam Fielding
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated to the National Anthropoligical Archives by George E. Simpson in 1992.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 93-14

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
The negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice to access.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 93-14, George Eaton Simpson photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Related Materials
Additional photographs from Simpson are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 2001-24.
The George Eaton Simpson Film Study of Plaisance, Haiti, 1937, accession No. 92.12.1 in the Smithsonian Institution Human Film Studies Archives contains silent black and white film footage of Plaisance, Haiti shot by Simpson and his colleagues. The footage contains events also depicted in the photograph collection including work coumbites, marketplace scenes, a wedding ceremony, a funeral, drumming and dancing at a social gathering, and a dancing demonstration. Included in this accession are 21 audiotapes recorded by Simpson and Joseph G. Moore during their fieldwork in Jamaica and Trinidad.
The Joseph G. Moore Collection: Jamaican Revival and Kumina, 1957-1958, accession No. 92.1.1 in the Smithsonian Institution Human Film Studies Archives contains related material to Simpson's study of Jamaican Revival Zion and Kumina. The collection contains film footage of Morant Bay and West Kingston, Jamaica shot in 1957. The footage was originally intended for the "Odyssey" program or possibly a short feature. Some of the it ended up being featured on the CBS program "Lamp Unto My Feet" which also includes interviews with Joseph G. Moore and George Eaton Simpson. There is over 10 hours of footage, and in 1992 Simpson, Smithsonian Institution Human Film Studies Archives Director John Homiak, and research associate Ken Bilby recorded approximately 10 hours of commentary about the footage. This collection also contains audio recordings made in 1993 of a discussion between Simpson, Homiak, and Bilby concerning the relation of Jamaican Revival with Rastafari.
Sound recordings by Simpson held in the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections in the Folkways Records Collection and the Moses and Frances Asch Collection.
Oberlin College has a manuscript collection of George Eaton Simpson's papers (RG 30/64) that document Simpson's research and academic work.

Other Finding Aids
Other Finding Aids
A detailed item-level inventory is available in the repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Dwellings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Spiritual Baptist -- Trinidad and Tobago Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Orisha religion Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Revivals Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rastafari movement Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Voodooism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schools Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Agriculture Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fishing Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Markets Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Haitians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trinidadians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black Carib Indians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yoruba (African people) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jamaicans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trinidad Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ibadan (Nigeria) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Haiti Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jamaica Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medicine Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cooking Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drummers (Musicians) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Christian sects Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Religion Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/