Helen Hamilton Gardener photograph collection, circa 1900-1910

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.98
Creators:
Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925 (collector and possible photographer)
Dates:
circa 1900-1910
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
300 negatives
circa
nitrate
1,160 lantern slides
circa
14 prints
silver gelatin
15 copy negatives
glass
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs collected and made by Helen Hamilton Gardener, probably during a world cruise following her husband's retirement from active duty in Puerto Rico in July 1902. The photographs document people, activities, cities, and tourist sites in Japan, China, Egypt, France, Puerto Rico, and elsewhere. Gardener's lecture notes and a clipping from the Porto Rico Review, 1910, are available with the collection. Lantern slides in the collection were probably used in Gardener's later lectures in the United States.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Helen Hamilton Gardener (1853-1925), born Alice Chenoweth in Virginia in 1853, was an author, feminist, and public official. Educated at the Cincinnati (Ohio) Normal School (graduated 1873), Chenoweth moved with her first husband, Charles S. Smart, to New York City in 1880. There, Chenoweth studied biology at Columbia University, lectured on sociology at the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, and came into contact with the theories of freethinker Robert G. Ingersoll. Chenoweth published her own lectures on freethinking in Men, Women, and Gods, and Other Lectures (1885), at which point she adopted the name Helen Hamilton Gardener. Gardener's feminism came to fruition in 1888, when she refuted the claim that the female brain was inferior to men's in her article "Sex in Brain," joining the struggle for equal rights for women. In 1902, Gardener married her second husband, Lieutenant Colonel Selden Allen Day, a Civil War veteran who organized the first battalion of the Puerto Rican regiment under US control. The couple embarked on a five-year worldwide tour in July 1902, finally settling in Washington, DC. Gardener served as the National American Women Suffrage Association's vice president (1917) and its chief liaison to the Wilson Administration during the passage of the nineteenth amendment. President Wilson then appointed her to the US Civil Service Commission, the highest federal position held by a woman at the time.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 98
,
USNM ACC 90351

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 98, Helen Hamilton Gardener photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional photographs collected by Gardener are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Artifacts collected by Gardener are held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accessions 90351 and 89779.

See others in
See others in
Helen Hamilton Gardener photograph collection, circa 1900-1910

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated to the United States National Museum by Helen Hamilton Gardener's niece Helen Gardener Crane in 1926 (accession 90351).

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Caption list for lantern slides is available in repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Germany -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Italians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
France -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Malaysia -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Italy -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Filipinos Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Philippines -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Japanese Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Puerto Rico -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sri Lanka -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
French Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
England -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
China -- Description and Travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hawaiians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Germans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Egypt -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
English Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Japan -- Description and Travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Egyptians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chinese Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sri Lankans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Puerto Ricans Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/