New York Airways Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.1992.0052
Creators:
Wheatland, Richard
Dates:
1929-1971
bulk 1952-1969
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
7.63 Cubic feet
(7 records center boxes)
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection includes a variety of material, probably collected by Richard Wheatland, reflecting the administration of New York Airways as well as its dealings with organizations such as the Air Transport Association, American Helicopter Society, Bell, Cierva, Eastern, Grand Central Building, IATA, Pan America Airways, Sikorsky, TWA and the federal government. In addition to administrative correspondence, memoranda, proposals and reports, there are a great deal of manuscripts and publications, souvenirs, clippings, and photographs.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
New York Airways (NYA) began air mail service on October 15, 1952. As one of the three Helicopter Carriers (along with Los Angeles Airways and Helicopter Air Services of Chicago), it was characterized by its environment - operations within a metropolitan area; its revenue - exclusively mail; and its high dependence on subsidy, which amounted to between 2/3 and 3/4 of total revenues. In search of another source of revenue, NYA began passenger work shortly thereafter, using first the Sikorsky S-55 helicopter and later the Vertol 44B and the twin-turbine, twin-rotor Vertol 107. In 1958, after continuing criticism from the Civil Aeronautics Board on the subject of alleged excessive costs and increasing subsidy need, NYA was forced to suspend some services - and in 1961 Congress put a ceiling on subsidy payments to the three helicopter airlines. NYA's influential friends compensated for the lack of federal support by supplying helicopters for service from the Port of New York Authority and the top of the Pan Am Building. Eventually all subsidy was withdrawn and NYA avoided closure through its ties with interested sponsors Pan America Airways, United, TWA and American.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Richard Wheatland, gift, 1973, 1992, 1992-0052, NASM

General
General
NASMrev

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Commercial Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Helicopters Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Helicopter transportation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Air mail service Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Financial records Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Periodicals Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New York Airways Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil Aeronautics Board Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Air Transport Association of America Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Helicopter Society Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pan American World Airways, Inc. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/