New York Airways Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.1992.0052
Creators:
Wheatland, Richard
Dates:
1929-1971
bulk 1952-1969
Languages:
English
Collection is in
English
.
Physical Description:
7.63 Cubic feet
7 records center boxes
Repository:
Collection consists of materials created by and collected by Richard Wheatland II during the period when he was employed as Vice President of Sales and Service for New York Airways, a helicopter airline operating in the New York City metropolitan area in the mid 20th century.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection includes a variety of material, probably collected by Richard Wheatland II (b. 1923, d. 2009) during the period 1953-1968 when he served as a Vice President of New York Airways. The material reflects the administration of the airline as well as its dealings with organizations such as the Air Transport Association, American Helicopter Society, Bell Helicopter, Eastern Air Lines, the Grand Central Building, IATA, Pan America World Airways, the Port of New York Authority, Sikorsky, Trans World Airlines (TWA) and the federal government. In addition to administrative correspondence, memoranda, proposals, speeches and reports, there are also a large number of manuscripts and publications, souvenirs, and clippings, and a small number of photographs.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Contents are in original order as received by NASM Archives. Folders in both series are arranged (roughly) in alphabetical by original folder title. Materials within the folders in Series 2 (1973 Acquisition) tend to appear in reverse chronological order. Multiple copies of the same materials may appear in different folders.
Digital images of materials in this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping, orientation, and color variations. Some materials may not be visible online due to copyright restrictions.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
New York Airways (NYA) began air mail service on October 15, 1952. As one of the three Helicopter Carriers (along with Los Angeles Airways and Helicopter Air Services of Chicago), it was characterized by its environment - operations within a metropolitan area; its revenue - exclusively mail; and its high dependence on subsidy, which amounted to between 2/3 and 3/4 of total revenues. In search of another source of revenue, NYA began passenger work shortly thereafter, using first the Sikorsky S-55 helicopter and later the Vertol 44B and the twin-turbine, twin-rotor Vertol 107. In 1958, after continuing criticism from the Civil Aeronautics Board on the subject of alleged excessive costs and increasing subsidy need, NYA was forced to suspend some services - and in 1961 Congress put a ceiling on subsidy payments to the three helicopter airlines. NYA's influential friends compensated for the lack of federal support by supplying helicopters for service from the Port of New York Authority and the top of the Pan Am Building. Eventually all subsidy was withdrawn and NYA avoided closure through its ties with interested sponsors Pan American Airways, United, TWA and American.

Administration
Processing Information
Arranged by donor; Series 1 (1992 Acquisition) described by Liz Dawson, 1992; Series 2 (1973 Acquisition) described by Melissa A. N. Keiser, 2020; encoded by Melissa A. N. Keiser, 2020.
Author
Liz Dawson and Melissa A. N. Keiser
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Richard Wheatland II, Gift, 1973, 1992, NASM.1992.0052

Digital Content
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Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Preferred Citation
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Commercial Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Helicopters Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Helicopter transportation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Air mail service Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Financial records Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Periodicals Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New York Airways Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil Aeronautics Board Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Air Transport Association of America Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Helicopter Society Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pan American World Airways, Inc. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/