Salomon A. Andree 1896 Polar Expedition Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.1994.0007
Creators:
Andrée, Salomon August, 1854-1897
Dates:
1896
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.51 Cubic Feet
(2 flatboxes) (1 folder)
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of material relating to the 1896 unsuccessful effort, including: two oversized prints; a photograph album labeled "Spitsbergen, 1896" which includes images of life on board the ship Virgo and the Ornen balloon; and a scrapbook containing mostly Swedish newspaper article accounts of the journey.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Salomon August Andree (1854-1897) was a pupil at the Technical Institute in Stockholm. During the 1870s and 1880s, Andree became interested in both ballooning and meteorological and physical research in polar regions. In 1893 Andree bought his first balloon and undertook various ascents, and by 1895 had put forth his plans for a balloon flight over the North Pole. The expedition was planned for the summer of 1896, but after reaching Spitsbergen, unfavorable weather conditions caused the flight to be canceled. Thus, the expedition commenced the following summer. Three days after takeoff, the balloon was forced to land, and the men - Andree, Nils Strindberg, and Knut Fraenkel - spent six weeks trying to return to Spitsbergen before perishing. The remains of their last camp were not found until 1930.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Peter Gustafson, gift, 1993, 1994-0007, NASM

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Balloons Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Andrée, Salomon August, 1854-1897 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/