German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze]
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.2012.0025
Creators:
Schulze, Kurt
Dates:
bulk 1940s-2000s
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
6 Cubic feet
(12 boxes)
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of 6 linear feet of mostly correspondence and photographs gathered by Schulze or Toliver, of German aces and pilots, including the following: Hans Otto Boehm, Erich Hartmann, Adolf Garland, Gunther Rall, Dietrich Hrabak, Edward Neumann, Hajo Herrmann, Georg Elder, Johannes Steinnoff, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Jagerblatt Molder, Walter Schuck and Wolfgang Spate. There are also German combat reports, accounts by German test pilots on World War II captured aircraft, information on the Tirpitz raid, photographs of Knights' Cross and Oak Leaves recipients, and material relating to the JG5 and JG51 Squadrons. Besides the correspondence and photography, the collection consists of obituaries, programs, publications and over 70 videos.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Kurt Schulze (b. 1921) began his German military service in 1939 as a cadet with the Air Service Corps. He started out as a wireless operator and air traffic controller before becoming a navigation officer. As a Navigator, he flew 23 night missions in Dornier Do 217s over England. In September of 1943, he received his wings as a pilot and in March 1944 he started fighter pilot training. From then until May 1945, Schulze flew 103 missions. Sixty-five of those missions were in Messerschmitt BF-109 on the Russo-Finnish border. When Finland signed a peace agreement with Russia, Schulze's unit was moved to Northern Norway. Schulze's last nine missions were in command of the first JG-51 squadron. After the war, he was turned over to the American Forces and then to the French. In 1951 he moved to California and in 1958 he became a US citizen. Schulze had a strong friendship with Colonel Raymond Toliver, author of books on German World War II pilots, and he translated German correspondence and documents for Toliver's research, as the author did not speak or write German.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Kurt Schulze, Gift, 2012

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access.
Preferred Citation
German World War II Ace Collection [Schulze], Accession 2012-0025, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
World War, 1939-1945 -- Germany -- Refugees Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- Aerial operations Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Boehm, Hans Otto Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hartmann, Erich Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Garland, Adolf Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Steinoff, Johannes Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rudel, Hans-Ulrich Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Molder, Jagerblatt Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
von Huenefeld, Guenther Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schuck, Walter Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Spate, Wolfgang Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hermann, Hajo Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hrabak, Dietrich Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Neumann, Edward Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Elder, Georg Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Toliver, Raymond Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/