Ranger Program / Agena Rocket Vehicles Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.2013.0014
Dates:
bulk 1960-1966
Languages:
English
.
Physical Description:
0.36 Cubic feet
(1 box)
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of material relating to the Agena Rocket Vehicles portion of the Ranger Program gathered by John Campbell, former Lockheed Missiles and Space employee, 1960-1966. The following types of material are included: a Lockheed internal publication and memos; eight by ten inch, mostly black and white, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and NASA photos; name badges; newspaper articles, JPL press releases; Cape Canaveral Instrumentation Facilities maps; and a CD containing scans of some of the documents.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
The Ranger spacecraft gave scientists their first close look at the lunar surface. Nine Rangers were launched from 1961 through 1965. The first six attempts failed, but beginning in July 1964, Rangers 7, 8, and 9 successfully completed their 65-hour journeys to the Moon, transmitting television pictures of the lunar surface during the final minutes until their impact there. These pictures revealed details that could not be seen through telescopes on Earth. Each Ranger spacecraft had six cameras on board. The cameras were fundamentally the same with differences in exposure times, fields of view, lenses, and scan rates. The images provided better resolution than was available from Earth-based views by a factor of 1,000. These highly detailed images aided Apollo planners in locating landing sites. The intermediate stage booster for Ranger was the Agena-B upper stage. Made by Lockheed, it was fitted on the Thor or Atlas-D launch vehicles that became known as the Thor-Agena and Atlas-Agena.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
John Campbell, Gift, 2012

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access.
Preferred Citation
Ranger Program / Agena Rocket Vehicles Collection, Accession 2013-0014, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Astronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Agena Rocket Vehicles Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ranger Lunar Probes Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Outer space -- Exploration Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Moon -- Exploration Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Press releases Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
https://airandspace.si.edu/archives