Vera Rubin Digital Images
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.2020.0033
Creators:
DeVorkin, David H., 1944-
Dates:
2007
Languages:
No linguistic content; Not applicable
Not applicable.
Physical Description:
0.06 Gigabytes
4 digital images
Repository:
Vera Florence Cooper Rubin (1928-2016) was an American astronomer whose work provided clear, observational evidence of the existence of dark matter. This collection consists of four born digital images of astronomer Vera Rubin, seated at her desk with papers relating to her discovery of dark matter, during an oral history interview conducted by Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) curator David H. DeVorkin and NASM intern Ashley Yeager in Rubin's office.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of four born digital images of astronomer Vera Rubin, seated at her desk with papers relating to her discovery of dark matter, during an oral history interview conducted by Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) curator David H. DeVorkin and NASM intern Ashley Yeager in Rubin's office at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.; July 20, 2007. DeVorkin was the photographer and is not seen in the images; Yeager appears seated beside Rubin's desk in one image. Images were received as 300 ppi image files in RGB JPG format, each 2560 x 1920 pixels in size.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Collection is in original order.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Vera Florence Cooper Rubin (1928-2016) was an American astronomer whose work provided clear, observational evidence of the existence of dark matter. Rubin graduated with a degree in astronomy from Vassar College in 1948, completed a master's degree from Cornell University in 1951, and a Ph.D. from Georgetown University in 1954. In the 1960s, Rubin began what would become a life-long quest to understand the motions of stars within galaxies and the motions of galaxies themselves. Expecting to discover that stars farther from the center of a galaxy moved more slowly than stars closer to the center, Rubin instead observed that the outermost stars all seemed to be orbiting faster than they should. The stars were being influenced by the gravity of a vast amount of undetected mass surrounding the galaxy that came to be known as dark matter. Rubin collaborated with gifted instrument-maker W. Kent Ford, Jr. using an image tube spectrograph he developed at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. When Rubin used this instrument in telescopes it allowed for much more sensitive observations of distant galaxies than had previously been possible. These observations yielded evidence for the existence of dark matter that stimulated general acknowledgement that it forms much of the mass in the universe. For her ground-breaking work, Vera Rubin became the second woman in history to receive the prestigious Gold Medal of England's Royal Astronomical Society. Rubin was also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1993.

Administration
Processing Information
Arranged, described, and encoded by Jessamyn Lloyd and Melissa Keiser, 2020.
Author
Jessamyn Lloyd and Melissa Keiser
Immediate Source of Acquisition
NASM Generated (David DeVorkin), 2020, NASM.2020.0033

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Preferred Citation
Vera Rubin Digital Images, NASM.2020.0033, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Astronomy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women scientists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Digital images Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rubin, Vera Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/