Eastern Air Lines Collection [Sigmon]

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.2021.0012
Creators:
Sigmon, Paul
Dates:
1980s-1990s
Languages:
English
.
Physical Description:
0.39 Cubic feet
One letter document case
Repository:
This collection documents both Paul Sigmon's career with Eastern Air Lines (EAL) as a customer service agent and the effect the airline's bankruptcy had on its workforce.
This collection is in English.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection includes the following types of archival material documenting both Paul Sigmon's career with Eastern Air Lines (EAL) as a customer service agent and the effect the airline's bankruptcy had on its workforce: black and white snapshots of EAL aircraft; documentation on various EAL employee benefits, such as health insurance, life insurance, stock options, pension and retirement; bankruptcy hearings notices and disclosure statements; and correspondence sent to employees, including notifications regarding EAL's bankruptcy.

Arrangement
Arrangement
This collection is arranged by material type.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Eastern Air Lines was originally formed as Pitcairn Aviation, Inc. in 1927. In July 1929 it was acquired by North American Aviation as the Eastern Air Lines Division and, in January 1930, was renamed Eastern Air Transport. By February 1933, Eastern had acquired Ludington Airlines, giving Eastern routes to most major eastern cities, including New York, Atlanta, Miami, Atlantic City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC. In 1934 the airline was renamed Eastern Air Lines and introduced Douglas DC-2s on its longer routes. In 1937 Eastern began Douglas DC-3 service and acquired Wedell-Williams Air Service Corporation, thereby extending its routes westward to Houston. North American sold its holdings in Eastern to a group headed by Captain Eddie Rickenbacker. By 1960 Eastern had extended its coverage to Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico, as well as westward to Detroit and St. Louis. In January 1960 Eastern introduced jet service with DC-8s and, in April 1961, inaugurated "Air Shuttle" service between Boston, New York, and Washington, DC with its propeller-driven aircraft. By 1975 Eastern's network covered 100 cities in 30 states, as well as Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean. In 1986 Eastern was bought by Texas Air, making Texas Air the largest airline in the United States. Following labor problems, including a strike by Eastern's machinists which was supported by the pilots and flight attendants, Eastern declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in 1989.
Paul Sigmon was a 33-year customer service agent for Eastern Air Lines who worked through the bankruptcy and shutdown of Eastern Airlines in 1989.

Administration
Author
Patti Williams
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Paul Sigmon, Gift, 2020, NASM.2021.0012
Processing Information
Arranged, described, and encoded by Patti Williams, 2021.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Preferred Citation
Eastern Air Lines Collection [Sigmon], NASM.2021.0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aeronautics Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Airlines Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Business and labor Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bankruptcy -- United States Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eastern Airlines, Inc. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
https://airandspace.si.edu/archives