Bellcomm, Inc Technical Library Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.XXXX.0093
Creators:
Bellcomm, Inc.
Dates:
1959-1972
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
81.71 Cubic feet
222 letter document boxes, 1 slim letter document box, 4 flatboxes
Repository:
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The collections also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The reports cover a variety of space exploration-related subjects, including a number of defunct programs and space medicine concerns, as well as the better-known exploration projects, such as Mercury, Gemini, Surveyor, and so forth. The library also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Several attempts were made to organize the Bellcomm material before it was transferred from SS&E to the NASM Archives Division. The most thorough of these attempts left two sections of the collection independently organized by corporate author and a third unorganized section. As the proposed corporate-author organization would cause documents relating to a single program to be separated based upon which contractor submitted the report while juxtaposing completely unrelated materials, this arrangement has been discarded in favor of a subject (program or study) arrangement.
Following a series of Bibliographies and General Reports, the materials are organized into five series based upon NASA's functional organization during much of the 1960s: Launch Vehicle Programs, Manned Space Flight Programs, Space Science and Applications (Planetary Reconnaissance and Earth-Orbiting Satellites), Tracking and Data Acquisition, and Advanced Research and Technology. Materials relating to military programs follow in a separate series.
Under each series, materials are arranged by study and/or project. Materials relating to specific missions follow general material relating to the project under which the mission was launched. As no reference has surfaced to date positively linking a specific study to a specific project or program, series assignments have been made based upon the study name. The series assignments in this finding aid should not be taken to represent the actual NASA program or project under which the report was originally funded.
  • Series I. Bibliographies and General Reports
  • Series II. Launch Vehicle Programs
  • Series III. Manned Space Flight Programs
  • Series IV. Space Science and Applications
  • Series V. Tracking and Data Acquisition
  • Series VI. Advanced Research and Technology
  • Series VII. Military Programs and Studies

Historical note
Historical note
Bellcomm, Inc was a subsidiary of American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) established in 1963 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Bellcomm was originally organized to provide NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight with technical and management advice for the Manned Space Flight Program. As the NASA-Bellcomm relationship evolved, the latter became directly responsible for systems engineering and analysis and assisted in the overall spacecraft integration for the Apollo program. Bellcomm's Technical Library provided company personnel with immediate access to technical reports and studies dealing with a wide variety of topics affecting the American space program. When the Apollo Program ended in 1972 the company also ceased operation and the library was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM).

Administration
Processing Information Note
The collection, as it now exists, consists of engineering study reports and other documents covering all aspects of the United States space program, but relating primarily to the manned space flight program and the Apollo program in particular. Some portions of the original Bellcomm library, most notably books, were placed in the library collection of the NASM, now part of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. The remaining material was turned over to the NASM Astronautics Department.(1)
At that time some of the material in the collection was dispersed among the departmental files and some extraneous material was interfiled. Most notably, all reports originating at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) were removed for interfiling with a collection of JPL reports being assembled by the Astronautics department staff. During the processing of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Publications Collection (now NASM Archives Accession XXXX-0612) in 1999, some 5½ cubic feet of material which could be positively identified as belonging to the Bellcomm Library was removed from the JPL Collection and returned to the Bellcomm Collection. During the processing of the Bellcomm Collection, items which could be determined not to have originated with Bellcomm were removed from the collection and some effort was made to retrieve Bellcomm material from several other collections of Astronautics/Space Science and Exploration/Space History materials.
The determination of whether to retain or retrieve an item was based primarily on date and markings on the document. Items postdating the transfer of the Bellcomm material to NASM (ca.1972) were automatically removed from the collection. Items bearing one of the several "Bellcomm Technical Library" stamps in use over the lifetime of the company were automatically included in the collection, while items bearing stamps from other NASM collections were removed. If no such stamps were present, a judgement was made based upon other markings. Some -- but not all -- stamped Bellcomm materials also have the report number or title hand-written on or near the spine; unstamped documents bearing similar hand-written report numbers have been retained or replevened, as appropriate. Therefore it is impossible at this date precisely to determine what documents were or were not present in the Library at the time of its transfer to the NASM; in addition a number of multi-volume reports remain incomplete.
Endnote:
1. The Astronautics Department later became the Department of Space Science and Exploration (SS&E). Currently it is the Department of Space History (DSH).
Author
Paul Silbermann
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Bellcomm, Inc, transfer, XXXX-0093, unknown

Corporate Abbreviations
Corporate Abbreviations
    ACM
    Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co
    ACM/RD
    ACM, Research Division
    Aerospace
    The Aerospace Corp
    Aerospace/ETRO
    Aerospace Corp, Eastern Test Range Office
    Aerospace/GLSD
    Aerospace, Gemini Launch Systems Directorate (El Segundo Technical Operations)
    Aerospace/SEO
    Aerospace, Systems Engineering Operations
    Aerospace/SSO
    Aerospace, Special Studies Office (System Planning Division, El Segundo Technical Operations)
    AFAEDC
    United States Air Force, Arnold Engineering Development Center
    AFCRL
    United States Air Force, Cambridge Research Laboratories
    AFETR
    United States Air Force, Eastern Test Range (Canaveral AFS, FL)
    AFMTC
    United States Air Force, Missile Test Center (Patrick AFB, FL)
    AFSC
    United States Air Force, Air Force Systems Command
    AFSC/ARML
    AFSC, 6570th Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory (Aerospace Medical Division)
    AFSC/ESD
    AFSC, Electronic Systems Division
    AFSC/FDL
    AFSC, Flight Dynamics Laboratory (Aeronautical Systems Division)
    AFSC/SAM
    AFSC, School of Aerospace Medicine (Aerospace Medical Division)
    AGC
    Aerojet-General Corp
    AGC/LRO
    AGC, Liquid Rocket Operations
    AGC/SGC
    AGC, Space-General Corp
    Allison/ED
    Allison, Engineering Department
    ARMC
    AiResearch Manufacturing Co.
    Avco
    Avco Corp
    Avco/ERL
    Avco, Everett Research Laboratories
    Avco/RAD
    Avco, Research and Advanced Development Division
    BBRC
    Ball Brothers Research Corp
    Bell
    Bell Aerospace Corp (Textron)
    Bell/BAC
    Bell, Bell Aerosystems Co
    Bell Labs
    Bell Telephone Laboratories
    Bendix/ASD
    Bendix Corp, Aerospace Systems Division
    Bendix/BPAD
    Bendix Corp, Bendix Products Aerospace Division
    Bendix/BPAD/EAES
    Bendix/BPAD, Energy Absorption Equipment Section
    Bendix/BPAD/SSMG
    Bendix/BPAD, Space Structure Mechanics Group
    Bendix/BSD
    Bendix Corp, Bendix Systems Division
    Bendix/ECD
    Bendix, Energy Controls Division
    Bendix/ECD/AMD
    Bendix/ECD, Analytical Mechanics Dept
    Boeing/AG
    Boeing, Aerospace Group
    Boeing/AG/SD
    Boeing/AG, Space Division
    Boeing/ALASG
    Boeing, Apollo Launch Availability Study Group
    Boeing/ASD
    Boeing, Aero-Space Division
    Boeing/ASD/LSB
    Boeing/ASD, Launch Systems Branch
    Boeing/ASD/SBB
    Boeing/ASD, Saturn Booster Branch
    Boeing/S5LO
    Boeing, Saturn V Launch Operations (Atlantic Test Center)
    Boeing/SD
    Boeing, Space Division
    Boeing/SD/LSB
    Boeing/SD, Launch Systems Branch
    Boeing/SRL
    Boeing Co, Scientific Research Laboratories
    Bdefitemn/RL
    Bdefitemn Engineering Co Inc, Research Laboratories
    Chrysler/DSG
    Chrysler Corp, Defense-Space Group
    Chrysler/SD
    Chrysler Corp, Space Division
    Cornell/CRSR
    Cornell University, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research
    CUA/SSAP
    Catholic University of America, Department of Space Science and Applied Physics
    CVC/VA
    Chance Vought Corp, Vought Astronautics
    Douglas/MSSD
    Douglas Aircraft Co, Missile and Space Systems Division
    Douglas/SSC
    Douglas, Space Systems Center
    Fairchild/SSE
    Fairchild Stratos Inc, Spacecraft Systems Engineering
    Ford
    Ford Motor Co
    Ford/Philco/AD
    Ford, Philco Corp, Aeronutronic Division
    Garrett/ARMD
    Garrett Corp, AiResearch Manufacturing Division
    GATC
    General American Transportation Corp.
    GATC/GARD
    GATC, General American Research Division
    GD
    General Dynamics Corp.
    GD/Astronautics
    GD, Astronautics Division
    GD/Convair
    GD, Convair Division
    GE
    General Electric Co
    GE/AATD
    GE, Aircraft Accessory Turbine Department
    GE/AP
    GE, Accessory Power
    GE/ASD
    GE, Apollo Support Dept
    GE/ASD/KCE
    GE/ASD, KSC Checkout Engineering
    GE/DECO
    GE, Direct Energy Conversion Operation
    GE/DSD
    GE, Defense Systems Department
    GE/MSD
    GE, Missile and Space Division
    GE/MSD/ANSO
    GE/MSD, Advanced Nuclear Systems Operation
    GE/MSD/IPSO
    GE/MSD, Isotope Power Systems Operation
    GE/RL
    GE, Research Laboratory
    GE/SD
    GE, Spacecraft Department
    GE/SSO
    GE, Space Systems Organization
    GE/TEMPO
    GE, Technical Military Planning Operation
    GM
    General Motors Corp
    GM/AC
    GM, AC Electronics Division
    GM/AC-DRL/LPP
    GM, AC Electronics-Defense Research Laboratories, Lunar and Planetary Programs
    GM/DRL
    GM, Defense Research Laboratories
    Grumman
    Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp
    Grumman/ED
    Grumman, Engineering Dept
    Grumman/PSD
    Grumman, Product Support Dept
    GSFC
    Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
    GSFC/DOB
    GSFC, Data Operations Branch (Manned Flight Operations Division, Tracking and Data Systems Directorate)
    GSFC/MFOB
    GSFC, Manned Flight Operations Branch (Manned Flight Operations Division)
    GSFC/NSSDC
    GSFC, National Space Science Data Center
    GWU/BSCP
    George Washington University, Biological Sciences Communication Project
    GWU/PPS
    George Washington University, Program of Policy Studies
    Harvard/HCO
    Harvard University, Harvard College Observatory
    Hercules/CPD
    Hercules Inc, Chemical Propulsion Division
    Honeywell/AD
    Honeywell, Aeronautical Division
    Honeywell/AD/MPG
    Honeywell/AD, Military Products Group
    Honeywell/SAS
    Honeywell, Space and Armament Systems
    Hughes
    Hughes Aircraft Co.
    Hughes/SSD
    Hughes, Space Systems Division
    IAS
    Institute of the Aerospace Sciences
    IBM/FSD
    IBM Federal Systems Division
    IBM/SGC
    IBM Space Guidance Center
    IITRI/ASC
    IIT Research Institute, Astro Sciences Center
    JHU/APL/CPIA
    Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physic Laboratory, Chemical Propulsion Information Agency
    JPL/ALST
    JPL, Advanced Lunar Studies Team
    KSC
    Kennedy Space Center (NASA)
    KSC/DASA
    KSC, Data Acquisition Systems and Analysis
    KSC/ESD
    KSC, Engineering Support Division
    KSC/HLSS
    KSC, Historical and Library Services Section
    KSC/LSEED
    KSC, Launch Support Equipment Engineering Division
    KSC/LSRO
    KSC, Launch Systems Reliability Office (Launch Support Equipment Engineering Division)
    KSC/LVO
    KSC, Launch Vehicle Operations
    KSC/SO
    KSC, Safety Office
    Langley
    Langley Research Center (NASA)
    Langley/FRPO
    Langley, Flight Reentry Programs Office
    Langley/LOPO
    Langley, Lunar Orbiter Project Office
    Langley/STG
    Langley, Space Task Group
    Langley/VPO
    Langley, Viking Project Office
    LC/AID
    Library of Congress, Aerospace Information Division
    Lockheed
    Lockheed Aircraft Corp
    Lockheed/LCO
    Lockheed, Lockheed-California Co
    Lockheed/LCO/SO
    Lockheed/LCO, Spacecraft Organization
    Lockheed/LEC
    Lockheed, Lockheed Electronics Co
    Lockheed/LMSC
    Lockheed, Lockheed Missiles and Space Co
    Lockheed/LMSC/CSP
    Lockheed/LMSC, Cryogenic Stage Programs
    Lockheed/LMSC/HREC
    Lockheed/LMSC, Huntsville Research and Engineering Center
    Lockheed/LMSC/PVS
    Lockheed/LMSC, Propulsion Vehicle Systems
    Lockheed/LMSC/RDD
    Lockheed/LMSC, Research and Development Division
    Lockheed/LMSC/SSD
    Lockheed/LMSC, Space Systems Division
    LTV/AD
    Ling-Temco-Vought Inc., Astronautics Division
    LTV/MSD
    LTV Aerospace Corp, Missiles and Space Division --Texas
    Martin/AGSD
    Martin Co, Advanced Ground Systems Dept
    Martin/BD
    Martin Co, Baltimore Division
    McDonnell
    McDonnell Aircraft Corp
    MDC/DMSSD
    MDC, Douglas Missile and Space Systems Division
    MDC/MAC
    McDonnell Douglas Corp., McDonnell Astronautics Co
    MDC/MDAC
    MDC, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co
    MDC/MDAC/ED
    MDC/MDAC, Eastern Division
    MIT
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    MIT/CSR
    MIT, Center for Space Research
    MIT/IL
    MIT, Instrumentation Laboratory
    MIT/LL
    MIT, Lincoln Laboratory
    MMC/AD
    Martin Marietta Corp, Aerospace Division
    MMC/DD
    MMC, Denver Division
    MMC/ND
    MMC, Nuclear Division
    MSC
    Manned Spacecraft Center (NASA)
    MSC/AFPS
    MSC, Apollo Flight Planning Section (Flight Planning Branch, Flight Crew Support Division)
    MSC/AMPO
    MSC, Advanced Missions Program Office
    MSC/ASPO
    MSC, Apollo Spacecraft Program Office
    MSC/ATSO
    MSC, Apollo Trajectory Support Office (Mission and Planning Analysis Division)
    MSC/FCD
    MSC, Flight Control Division
    MSC/FES
    MSC, Flight Equipment Section (Mission Operations Branch, Flight Crew Support Division)
    MSC/FOD
    MSC, Flight Operations Directorate
    MSC/FPB
    MSC, Flight Planning Branch (Crew Procedures Division)
    MSC/FSD
    MSC, Flight Support Division
    MSC/GPB
    MSC, Guidance and Performance Branch (Mission Planning and Analysis Division)
    MSC/ISD
    MSC, Information Systems Division,
    MSC/LEPO
    MSC, Lunar Experiments Project Office
    MSC/LMO
    MSC, Lunar Missions Office (Advanced Spacecraft Technology Division)
    MSC/LSPO
    MSC, Lunar Surface Project Office (Engineering and Development Directorate)
    MSC/MAB
    MSC, Management Analysis Branch
    MSC/MATT
    MSC, Mission Analysis Task Team (Saturn V Orbital Workshop Study)
    MSC/MPAD
    MSC, Mission Planning and Analysis Division
    MSC/MSB
    MSC, Mapping Sciences Branch (Earth Observations Division, Science and Applications Directorate
    MSC/MSL
    MSC, Mapping Sciences Laboratory
    MSC/OMSFPG
    MSC, Office of Manned Space Flight Planning Group
    MSC/RQAO
    MSC, Reliability and Quality Assurance Office (Reliability and Certification Office)
    MSC/RSB
    MSC, Recovery Systems Branch (Landing and Recovery Division)
    MSC/SED
    MSC, Systems Engineering Division
    MSC/SOB
    MSC, Systems Operations Branch (Landing and Recovery Division)
    MSC/TTB
    MSC, Thermochemical Test Branch (Propulsion and Power Division)
    MSFC
    Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA)
    MSFC/AESB
    MSFC, Airborne Electrical Systems Branch (Astrionics Laboratory)
    MSFC/ASIS
    MSFC, Airborne Systems Integration Section (Astrionics Division)
    MSFC/FPO
    MSFC, Future Projects Office
    MSFC/LVOD
    MSFC, Launch Vehicle Operations Division
    MSFC/MDC
    MSFC, Managerial Data Center
    MSFC/MDWG
    MSFC, Meteoroid Damage Working Group,
    MSFC/MSO
    MSFC, Management Services Office
    MSFC/MSS
    MSFC, Manned Simulation Section (Man/System Integration Branch, Mechanical and Crew Systems Integration Division, Astronautics Laboratory, Science and Engineering Directorate)
    MSFC/PVEL
    MSFC, Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Laboratory (Vehicle Systems Division, Systems Requirements Branch)
    MSFC/S1BPO
    MSFC, Saturn IB Program Office
    MSFC/S1PCO
    MSFC, Saturn I/IB Program Control Office
    MSFC/S5PCO
    MFSC, Saturn V Program Control Office
    MSFC/S5PO
    MSFC, Saturn V Program Office
    MSFC/S5TMO
    MSFC, Saturn V Test Management Office
    MSFC/SEO
    MSFC, Systems Engineering Office
    MSFC/SFEWG
    MSFC, Saturn Flight Evaluation Working Group
    MSFC/SODS
    MSFC, Systems Operations Design Section (Astrionics Division)
    MSFC/SPEO
    MSFC, Saturn Program Engineering Office (Mission Engineering Branch)
    MSFC/SSAO
    MSFC, Scientific Spacecraft Applications Office (Saturn Systems Office)
    MSFC/SSO
    MSFC, Saturn Systems Office
    MSFC/THMS
    MSFC, Technical Handbooks and Manuals Section (Engineering Documentation Branch, Vehicle Systems Division, Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Laboratory)
    MSFC/TS
    MSFC, Trajectory Section (Flight Mechanics Branch, Mission Planning and Analysis Division, Aero-Astrodynamics Laboratory)
    MSFC/VSIO
    MSFC, Vehicle Systems Integration Office (Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Division)
    MSFC/VTS
    MSFC, Vehicle Test Section (Mechanical Systems Analysis Branch, Quality Assurance Division)
    NAA
    North American Aviation Inc
    NAA/SD
    NAA, Space Division
    NAA/SID
    NAA, Space and Information Systems Division
    NAR
    North American Rockwell Corp
    NAR/SD
    NAR, Space Division
    NASA/ANWG
    NASA, Apollo Navigation Working Group (joint MSC-GSFC)
    NASA/FCSD
    NASA, Flight Crew Support Division (Spacecraft Systems Operations Branch)
    NASA/OART
    NASA, Office of Advanced Research and Technology
    NASA/OART/MAD
    NASA/OART, Mission Analysis Division
    NASA/OCR
    NASA, Office of Congressional Relations
    NASA/OMSF
    NASA, Office of Manned Space Flight
    NASA/OP/HD
    NASA, Office of Policy, Historical Division
    NASA/OTU
    NASA, Office of Technology Utilization
    Northrop
    Northrop Corp
    Northrop/SL
    Northrop, Space Laboratories
    Northrop/VD
    Northrop, Ventura Division
    NRAO
    National Radio Astronomy Observatory
    OSU/MED
    Ohio State University, Mechanical Engineering Department
    PWA
    Pratt & Whitney Aircraft
    RAND
    RAND Corp
    RAND/ED
    RAND, Engineering Division
    RAND/PD
    RAND, Physics Division
    Raytheon/SISD
    Raytheon Co, Space and Information Systems Division
    RCA
    Radio Corp of America
    RCA/AED
    RCA, Astro-Electronics Division
    Rocketdyne/J2RP
    Rocketdyne Engineering, J-2 Reliability Projects
    SAE
    Society of Automotive Engineers
    SAO
    Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory
    STL
    Space Technology Laboratories, Inc
    TI/SSD
    Texas Instruments Inc, Science Services Division
    TRW/SG
    TRW Systems Group
    TRW/STL
    TRW, Space Technology Laboratories
    UAC
    United Aircraft Corp
    UAC/HS
    United Aircraft Corp, Hamilton Standard Division
    UC
    Union Carbide Corp
    UC/ADD
    UC, Advanced Developments Division
    USACE/AMS
    United States Army Corps of Engineers, Army Map Service
    USAEWES
    United States Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station
    USATEC/YPG
    United States Army Test and Evaluation Command, Yuma Proving Ground
    USDC/CFSTI
    United States Department of Commerce, Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information (Institute for Applied Technology, National Bureau of Standards)
    USDoD
    United States Department of Defence
    USN/BuWeps
    United States Navy, Bureau of Naval Weapons
    USN/OO
    United States Navy, Oceanography Office
    Westinghouse/DSC
    Westinghouse, Defense and Space Center
    Westinghouse/DSC/SOD
    Westinghouse/DSC, Systems Operation Division

Project Mercury Launches
Project Mercury Launches
All launches by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
LJ-121 Aug 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plateunsuccessful beach test of LES
Big Joe 19 Sep 1959Big JoeMercury boiler plate
LJ-64 Oct 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plate
LJ-1A4 Nov 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platerepeat of LJ-1
LJ-24 Dec 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platehigh-altitude LES test
LJ-1B21 Jan 1960Little JoeMercury boiler platebeach abort w/rhesus (Miss Sam)
MA-129 Jul 1960AtlasMercury s/c 4launch vehicle failure
LJ-58 Nov 1960Little JoeMercury s/c 3unsuccessful test of LES
MR-121 Nov 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2premature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2suborbital reentry test
MR-23 Jan 1961RedstoneMercury s/c 5suborbital w/chimp (Ham)
MA-221 Feb 1961AtlasMercury s/c 6suborbital test
LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14unsuccessful test of LES
MR-BD24 Mar 1961RedstoneLV qualified for manned flight
MA-325 Apr 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8launch vehicle failure
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14successful LES test
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
MA-413 Sep 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8orbital test of tracking network
MA-52 Nov 1961AtlasMercury s/c 92 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-DMercury s/c 2022 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"
Manned launches only, by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-DMercury s/c 2022 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"
By launch vehicle: Big Joe
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
Big Joe 19 Sep 1959Big JoeMercury boiler plate
By launch vehicle: Little Joe
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
LJ-121 Aug 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plateunsuccessful beach test of LES
LJ-1A4 Nov 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platerepeat of LJ-1
LJ-1B21 Jan 1960Little JoeMercury boiler platebeach abort w/rhesus (Miss Sam)
LJ-24 Dec 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platehigh-altitude LES test
LJ-58 Nov 1960Little JoeMercury s/c 3unsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14unsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14successful LES test
LJ-64 Oct 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plate
By launch vehicle: Atlas
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MA-129 Jul 1960AtlasMercury s/c 4launch vehicle failure
MA-221 Feb 1961AtlasMercury s/c 6suborbital test
MA-325 Apr 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8launch vehicle failure
MA-413 Sep 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8orbit test of tracking network
MA-52 Nov 1961AtlasMercury s/c 92 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
By launch vehicle: Redstone
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MR-121 Nov 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2premature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2suborbital reentry test
MR-23 Jan 1961RedstoneMercury s/c 5suborbital w/chimp (Ham)
MR-BD24 Mar 1961RedstoneLV qualified for manned flight
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
Mercury capsule listing and disposition:
PayloadMissionLaunch DateLaunch vehicleRemarks
Mercury s/c 19 May 1960beach abort test
Mercury s/c 2MR-121 Nov 1960Redstonepremature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960Redstonesuborbital reentry test
Mercury s/c 3LJ-58 Nov 1960Little Joeunsuccessful test of LES
Mercury s/c 4MA-129 Jul 1960Atlaslaunch vehicle failure
Mercury s/c 5MR-23 Jan 1961Redstonesuborbital w/chimp (Ham)
Merucry s/c 6MA-221 Feb 1961Atlassuborbital test
Mercury s/c 7MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
Mercury s/c 8MA-325 Apr 1961Atlaslaunch vehicle failure
MA-413 Sep 1961Atlasorbital test of tracking network
Mercury s/c 9MA-52 Nov 1961Atlas2 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
Merucry s/c 10environmental test, St.Louis
Mercury s/c 11MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
Mercury s/c 12mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 13MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-D3 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
Mercury s/c 14LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little Joeunsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little Joesuccessful LES test
Mercury s/c 15mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 16MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-D6 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
Mercury s/c 17parts support
Mercury s/c 18MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-D3 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
Mercury s/c 19mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 20MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-D22 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"

Project Gemini Launches
Project Gemini Launches
All launches by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
GT-18 Apr 1964GLV-1Gemini s/c 1unmanned orbital test of GLV & s/c
GT-219 Jan 1965GLV-2Gemini s/c 2unmanned suborbital reentry test
GT-323 Mar 1965GLV-3Gemini 3Grissom & Young, "Molly Brown"
GT-43 Jun 1965GLV-4Gemini 4McDivitt & White; first EVA
GT-521 Aug 1965GLV-5Gemini 5Cooper & Conrad
GT-6A15 Dec 1965GLV-6Gemini 6Schirra & Stafford
GT-74 Dec 1965GLV-7Gemini 7Borman & Lovell
GT-816 Mar 1966GLV-8Gemini 8Armstrong & Scott
16 Mar 1966TLV-5302GATV-5003Agena target vehicle for GT-8
GT-9A3 Jun 1966GLV-9Gemini 9Stafford & Cernan
1 Jun 1966TLV-5304ATDAdocking target for GT-9A
GT-1018 Jul 1966GLV-10Gemini 10Young & Collins
18 Jul 1966TLV-5305GATV-5005Agena target vehicle for GT-10
GT-1112 Sep 1966GLV-11Gemini 11Conrad & Gordon
12 Sep 1966TLV-5306GATV-5005Agena target vehicle for GT-11
GT-1211 Nov 1966GLV-12Gemini 12Lovell & Aldrin
11 Nov 1966TLV-5307GATV-5001Agena target vehicle for GT-12

Saturn/Apollo Program Launches
Saturn/Apollo Program Launches
Saturn Program Development Launches
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
SA-127 Oct 1961Saturn Idummy second stage
SA-225 Apr 1962Saturn Idummy second stageProject Highwater
SA-316 Nov 1962Saturn Idummy second stageProject Highwater
SA-428 Mar 1963Saturn Idummy second stage
SA-529 Jan 1964Saturn I
SA-628 May 1964Saturn IBP-3
SA-718 Sep 1964Saturn IBP-15Saturn I declared operational
SA-825 May 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 2
SA-916 Feb 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 1
SA-1030 Jul 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 3last Saturn I launch
Apollo Program Launches
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
A-00113 May 1964Little Joe IIBP-12suborbital LES test
A-0028 Dec 1964Little Joe IIBP-23LES test
A-00319 May 1965Little Joe IIBP-22LES test
A-00420 Jan 1966Little Joe IICSM-002LES test
A-101see SA-6 (Saturn development launch)
A-102see SA-7 (Saturn development launch)
AS-20126 Feb 1966SA-201 (Sat IB)CSM-009suborbital test of Apollo heat shield
AS-20225 Aug 1966SA-202 (Sat IB)CSM-011test of Apollo heat shield
AS-2035 Jul 1966SA-203 (Sat IB)no spacecraft
AS-204not launchedSA-204 (Sat IB)CSM-012Apollo 1; CM des by fire 27 Jan 1967
AS-20422 Jan 1968SA-204 (Sat IB)aero fairing; LM-1Apollo 5; unmanned launch with LM
AS-20511 Oct 1968SA-205 (Sat IB)CSM-101Apollo 7; first manned Apollo launch
AS-5019 Nov 1967SA-501 (Sat V)CSM-017, LTA-10RApollo 4
AS-5024 Apr 1968SA-502 (Sat V)CM-020, SM-014, LTA-2RApollo 6
AS-50321 Dec 1968SA-503 (Sat V)CSM-103Apollo 8; first lunar orbital flight
AS-5043 Mar 1969SA-504 (Sat V)CSM-104, LM-3Apollo 9
AS-50518 May 1969SA-505 (Sat V)CSM-106, LM-4Apollo 10
AS-50616 Jul 1969SA-506 (Sat V)CSM-107, LM-5Apollo 11; first lunar landing
AS-50714 Nov 1969SA-507 (Sat V)CSM-108, LM-6Apollo 12
AS-50811 Apr 1970-04SA-508 (Sat V)CSM-109, LM-7Apollo 13
AS-50931 Jan 1971SA-509 (Sat V)CSM-110, LM-8Apollo 14
AS-51026 Jul 1971SA-510 (Sat V)CSM-112, LM-10, LRV-1Apollo 15
AS-51116 Apr 1972SA-511 (Sat V)CSM-113, LM-11, LRV-2Apollo 16
AS-5127 Dec 1972SA-512 (Sat V)CSM-114, LM-12, LRV-3Apollo 17; last lunar landing mission
By Apollo Mission Number:
MissionLaunch VehicleCommand ModuleLunar ModuleLaunch DateRemarks
Apollo 1SA-204CSM-204not launchedAS-204
Sat IBCM destroyed by fire 27 Jan 1967
Apollo 4SA-501CSM-0179 Nov 1967AS-501
Sat V
Apollo 5SA-204aerodynamic fairingLM-122 Jan 1968AS-204
Sat IBunmanned launch
Apollo 6SA-502CSM-0204 Apr 1968AS-502
Sat Vunmanned launch
Apollo 7SA-205CSM-10111 Oct 1968AS-205
Sat IBfirst manned Apollo launch
Apollo 8SA-503CSM-10321 Dec 1968AS-503
Sat Vfirst manned lunar orbital flight
Apollo 9SA-504CSM-104LM-3 "Spider"3 Mar 1969AS-504
Sat V"Gumdrop"
Apollo 10SA-505CSM-106LM-4 "Snoopy"18 May 1969AS-505
Sat V"Charlie Brown"
Apollo 11SA-506CSM-107LM-5 "Eagle"16 Jul 1969AS-506
Sat V"Columbia"first manned lunar landing
Apollo 12SA-507CSM-108LM-6 "Intrepid"14 nov 1969AS-507
Sat V"Yankee Clipper"
Apollo 13SA-508CSM-109LM-7 "Aquarius"11 Apr 1970AS-508
Sat V"Odyssey"landing cancelled due to in-flight explosion
Apollo 14SA-509CSM-110LM-8 "Antares"31 Jan 1971AS-509
Sat V"Kitty Hawk"
Apollo 15SA-510CSM-112LM-10 "Falcon"26 Jul 1971AS-510
Sat V"Endeavour"LRV-1
Apollo 16SA-511CSM-113LM-11 "Orion"16 Apr 1972AS-511
Sat V"Casper"LRV-2
Apollo 17SA-512CSM-114LM-12 "Challenger"7 dec 1972AS-512
Sat V"America:LRV-3last lunar landing mission

Bibliography
Bibliography
Many of the project explanations were compiled from material within the collection itself. Additional reference sources were:
Ezell, Linda Neuman.
NASA Historical Data Book
, Vol. II,
Programs and Projects 1958-1968
. The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. II. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988.
--------.
NASA Historical Data Book
, Vol. III,
Programs and Projects 1969-1978
. The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. III. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988.
Benson, Charles D., and William Barnaby Faherty.
Moonport - A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations
. NASA SP-4202. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Office, 1978.

Using the Collection
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Preferred Citation
Bellcomm, Inc Technical Library Collection, Accession XXXX-0093, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

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