Tiros Satellite Documents

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.XXXX.0199
Creators:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Dates:
1959-1970
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
5.45 Cubic feet
(5 records center boxes)
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection contains documents pertaining to the Tiros/TOS/ESSA program. The material consists primarily of mission plans, engineering reports, and field operation procedures.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
The Television Infra-Red Observation Satellite (Tiros) program was an outgrowth of the weather satellite program of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the mid-1950s. In 1958 ARPA let out a contract to the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) for ten satellites. In April 1959 the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) assumed responsibility for Project Tiros and the first of ten research and development launches occurred one year later (1 April 1960). On 2 July 1965 NASA launches the tenth and last of the original RCA satellites, by which time NASA, the Weather Bureau (later the Environmental Science Services Administration, ESSA), and RCA had agreed on the Tiros Operational Satellite (TOS) program. The nine TOS system satellites, coded ESSA, were all launched successfully between February 1966 and February 1969. The ESSA series were followed by five Improved Tiros Operational System (ITOS) satellites, for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the successor to ESSA. The Tiros/TOS/ESSA program provided the first system for gathering meteorological information, including daily information on cloud cover, upper level winds, pressure, and precipitation on a global scale.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
NASA, Gift, 1965, XXXX-0199, Public Domain

General
General
NASMrev

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Meteorology -- Research Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Meteorology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Meteorological satellites Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
TIROS satellites Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Astronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Radio Corporation of America. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Weather Bureau Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Army Ballistic Missile Agency Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/