James V. Martin Scrapbook

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.XXXX.0236
Creators:
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956
Dates:
1910-1956
bulk 1910-1916
Languages:
English
This collection is in English.
Physical Description:
0.56 Cubic Feet
1 flatbox
Repository:
This scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings and photos of James V. Martin's aviation exploits, 1910-1916. of the 1910 - 1916 era.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists mainly of newspaper clippings, and photos of his exploits of the 1910 - 1916 era. Among these are his proposed crossing of the Atlantic in 1912, aerial bombing demonstrations, invention of the Martin Aerodynamic Stabilizer, and early form of autopilot. Also included are newspaper clippings of his wife, Lilly Irvine Martin, who was reported to be the first woman aviator to fly solo.

Arrangement
Arrangement
No arrangement, just one item.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
James Vernon Martin (1885-1956) was an aviator and inventor during the early days of aviation. He joined the Merchant Marine (1900) before attending the University of Virginia and Harvard (graduate degree, 1912). While at Harvard he organized the Harvard Aeronautical Society (1910), served as its first director, and, through the Society, organized the first international air meet in the United States (1910). He traveled to England in January 1911 for flight training and received Royal Aero Club F.A.I. Certificate #55. After returning to the U.S. in June 1911, he traveled the exhibition circuit (1911-13) before rejoining the Merchant Marine as commander of USS Lake Frey (1914). During 1915 he flew flight test for the Aeromarine Co. In 1917, he formed the Martin Aeroplane Company in Elyria, OH on the strength of nine aeronautical patents, including his automatic stabilizer (1916) and retractable landing gear (1916). In 1920 he moved the concern to Dayton, OH as Martin Enterprises and offered free use of his patents to the American aeronautical industry. He moved to Garden City (Long Island), NY in 1922, called the company the Martin Aeroplane Factory, and, two years later, sued the United States government and the Manufacturers Aeronautical Association, claiming that they conspired to monopolize the aviation industry. The suit was dismissed in 1926, but Martin continued to press his claims of collusion through the 1930s. During World War II he again returned to the sea, commanding a troop transport in the Pacific. Afterwards he tried to raise interest in a large catamaran flying boat, the Martin 'Oceanplane', but failed in the face of the growth in commercial trans-ocean service by conventional aircraft.

Administration
Processing Information
Arranged, described, and encoded by Patti Williams, 2019.
Author
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Mrs. E. John, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0236, NASM

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Preferred Citation
James V. Martin Scrapbook, NASM.XXXX.0236, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics -- Competitions Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aircraft industry -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aircraft industry Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Martin, Lilly Irvine Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Merchant Marine Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harvard Aeronautical Society Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Martin Aeroplane Co (Martin, James Vernon) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Martin Aeroplane Factory (Martin, James Vernon) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manufacturers Aircraft Association Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harvard Boston Aero Meet Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151
NASMRefDesk@si.edu
http://airandspace.si.edu/research/resources/archives/