Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Guide to the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Indians

Collection ID:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969
circa 1837-1964
Physical Description:
1.17 Cubic feet
consisting of 1.5 boxes, 1 folder, 2 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, 1 flat box (partial).
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Indians forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This material consists primarily of various types of images of Native Americans. It also includes booklets, bills/receipts, scattered correspondence on letterhead stationery, and speeches. Most of the material is by others about the Indians and not by the Indians themselves. State of New York reports and acts from the committee on Indian Affairs in 1861. Memorials from the New York State Senate, 1861. State of New York Committee on Indian Affairs minority reports in 1849 and state of New York Committee on Claims Reports in 1849.
Correspondence includes letters from the United States Indian Service between the years 1888-1892. Correspondence discusses. Also letters from the Treasury Department in 1868 and 1869. Discusses. United States Land Office correspondence discuss 1895.
There is little information on Indian organizations. There is however information on the third annual conference of the Society of American Indians.
Publications include "Indian Moccasin" published monthly at Afton, Indian Territory by Jeremiah Hubbard 1893 & 1895.
Images include photographs, miniatures, wood engravings and chromolithographs. Images depict Indian ball playing, Indian chiefs, battle of the Thames and death of Tecumseh, battle of little bighorn and death of Custer, domestic life among the Indians, smith rescued by Pocahontas, burial of a hunter, lessons in the forest, and William Penn's treaty with the Indians. Many of the photographs are copies and photographs of paintings and drawings.
Postcards include photographic images and lithographed images. There is a set of postcards made of some kind of wood product containing images of different ethnic groups of Indians depicting basket making, dancers, belt weavers, silversmith, turquoise workers, rug weavers, pottery makers, basket dancer corn dancer, drum maker and kachina maker . Various ethnic groups include Hopi, Pueblo, Apaches. A number of these cards are images of yucca wood. All postcards have brief descriptions on the reverse side.
One folder of visual references of images pulled from other subjects with pictures of Indians. Mostly consist of advertisements for various products. There are a number of products that tended to use images of Native Americans. Such products include tobacco, patent medicines, fruit labels, fertilizers, hotels, coffee, meat, cosmetics and soap. Consult subjects in vertical document boxes for other images of Native Americans. One folder of photocopies of stereographs removed from the subject to stereographs.

Vanessa Broussard-Simmons and Nicole Blechynden
Funding for partial processing of the collection was supported by a grant from the Smithsonian Institution's Collections Care and Preservation Fund (CCPF).
Processing Information
Oversize material is unprocessed.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Indians is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Processing Information
In 2016, with funding provided by the Smithsonian Institution's Collections Care and Preservation Fund, the Archives Center at the National Museum of American History implemented the use of minimal level processing standards to increase information about and facilitate access to more of our collections. A large portion of stored material from the original acquisition received minimal level processing, which resulted in additions to this Subject category. This effort included basic arrangement and replacement of non-archival housing for long-term stability, but staples and other fasteners have not all been removed. Revisions to the encoded finding aid were made to reflect the added content in context to the previously processed material.
Minimal level processing and enhancement of the machine-readable finding aid completed by Nicole Blechynden, September 2017.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Indians, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Access note
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Conditions Governing Use note
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Materials in the Archives Center
Materials in the Archives Center
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)

Forms Part Of

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Business ephemera Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ephemera Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012