Guide to the Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0162
Creators:
Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)
Dates:
1940-1941
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
0.6 Cubic feet
2 boxes
Repository:
Joseph Schillinger (1895-1943), composer and musical theorist, worked extensively with the Rhythmicon. The Rhythmicon, constructed in 1931, is the earliest electronic rhythm machine. The collection consists of recordings of the Rhythmicon.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of nine transcription recordings of the Rhythmicon on 78 rpm phonographic records made by Joseph Schillinger in 1940 and 1941; two 1/4 inch master reel to reel tapes of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian in fall, 1985; and one research cassette tape of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian in fall, 1985.
A digital reference copy is available in the Smithsonian Institutions Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is organized into one series. Box 1 contains of the original audio discs and Box 2 contains the open-reel master tapes, a cassette reference tape, and photocopies of the labels.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Joseph Schillinger (1895-1943), composer and musical theorist, worked extensively with the Rhythmicon. The Rhythmicon, developed in 1931 by Leon Theremin at the request of composer Henry Cowell, is the earliest electronic rhythm machine.
Schillinger was born on August 31, 1895, in Kharkov, Ukraine. After beginning a successful musical career in the Soviet Union, he immigrated to the United States in 1928 and settled in New York City. He taught at New York University, the Teachers College of Columbia University and the New School for Social Research. A trained mathematician, Schillinger developed his own system of composition based on mathematics.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Wendy Shay, 2016.
Author
Wendy Shay
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by Mrs. Joseph Schillinger (Frances) and transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Musical Instruments (Division of Culture and the Arts) in June 1985.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection, 1940-1941, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research. Digital reference copies available in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Phonograph records Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
78 rpm records Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Musical instruments Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rhythmicon Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cowell, Henry, 1897-1965 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Theremin, Leon Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives