Guide to the Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0162
Creators:
Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943
Dates:
1940-1941, 1985
bulk 1940-1941
Languages:
English
.
Physical Description:
0.6 Cubic feet
2 boxes
Repository:
Joseph Schillinger (1895-1943), composer and musical theorist, worked extensively with the Rhythmicon. The Rhythmicon, constructed in 1931, is the earliest electronic rhythm machine. The collection consists of recordings of the Rhythmicon.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of nine transcription recordings of the Rhythmicon on 78 rpm phonographic records made by Joseph Schillinger in 1940 and 1941; two 1/4 inch master reel to reel tapes of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian in fall, 1985; and one research cassette tape of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian in fall, 1985.
A digital reference copy is available in the Smithsonian Institutions Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is organized into two series.
Series 1: Original Discs, 1940-1941
Series 2: Miscellaneous, 1940-1941, 1985

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Joseph Schillinger (1895-1943), composer and musical theorist, worked extensively with the Rhythmicon. The Rhythmicon, developed in 1931 by Leon Theremin at the request of composer Henry Cowell, is the earliest electronic rhythm machine.
Schillinger was born on August 31, 1895, in Kharkov, Ukraine. After beginning a successful musical career in the Soviet Union, he immigrated to the United States in 1928 and settled in New York City. He taught at New York University, the Teachers College of Columbia University and the New School for Social Research. A trained mathematician, Schillinger developed his own system of composition based on mathematics.

Administration
Author
Wendy Shay
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by Mrs. Joseph Schillinger (Frances) and transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Musical Instruments (Division of Culture and the Arts) in June 1985.
Processing Information
Collection processed by Wendy Shay, 2016.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research. Digital reference copies available in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS). See RTC0162-RT0001.
Preferred Citation
Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection, 1940-1941, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

Related Materials
Materials at Other Organizations
The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts New York, New York
Joseph Schillinger Papers, 1918-2000
The Joseph Schillinger Papers contain the composer/theorist's writings, composition lesson texts, student notebooks, scores, charts, personal papers, clippings and promotional material.
New York Public Library, Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound
Joseph Schillinger Collection of Sound Recordings, *L(Special) 89-16
Berkley School of Music Archives, Boston, Massachusetts

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Phonograph records Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
78 rpm records Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Musical instruments Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rhythmicon Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cowell, Henry, 1897-1965 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Theremin, Leon Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives