Guide to the William Pettit Correspondence

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0177
Creators:
Durrie, Paul, -1985
Dibner, Bern, Dr.
Gordon, Gertrude Durrie
Pettit, William (civil servant)
Dates:
1864-1865
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.15 Cubic feet
1 box
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of thirty-eight letters which William Pettit wrote to his wife from Washington, D.C.; a letter written soon after Lincoln's assassination by Pettit's wife; a letter from Lucy Pettit (Pettit's daughter) to her grandparents describing her birth on February 2, 1843; and a first draft of "my family reminiscences" - consisting of seventeen hand-written pages describing the family's genealogy from the middle 1600's when they first arrived in this country.
All 38 letters of the collection have been transcribed on typewriter. Pettit was concerned about how much wood his wife should order and what she should pay for it. He commented about his children's schooling and their penmanship. He discussed how much money he was sending home and how he was budgeting himself. His first letter describes New Year's Day when he went to the White House to see the ambassadors pay their respects to Uncle Sam. He got pushed with the crowd inside the White House and describes Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln and the types of people crowding in. He continued to go to the White House open houses because he was amused at the types of people who went there including those who put on airs, showed off their clothes, or thought they themselves were important.
Pettit had a subtle sense of humor as he describes well-known personages, church leaders, and people he worked with. He lived in a boarding house on 9th St., N.W. He has some interesting comments to make about the life and opinions of the time concerning the United States and war, bureaucracy and politics.
Pettit was strongly anti-slavery and had very positive views of Negroes. Some of these came from his religious convictions and others as a result of actual behavior of blacks during the War in incidents which he describes.
He wrote about the coming 1864 election and the competition against Lincoln. He mentioned that Grant had been to Washington. He reported about the troops in the Army of the Potomac and rumors of war activities. For example, he mentions that the Southern rebels planned to blow up prisoners of war in Richmond if the city was to be taken. There is a description of an escape from a Confederate camp by a Northern officer.
Pettit tells about meeting with a drunken soldier whom he helped to get food and housing; and who tried to save from being knocked in the head as was happening weekly in Washington. He went to concerts and commented on the performances. He particularly expressed his preference for Wisconsin performers. He described church services and decorations for Easter and Christmas.
Pettit mentioned a Negro victory in battle, and commented that talk of re-enslaving such men was "mean." He said that Negroes had helped many to escape from the Confederates.
In the letter from Hannah dated April 17, 1865, his wife comments about Lee's surrender and her thoughts on the President's assassination. She said it was like losing a family friend. At first, they had thought it was a mistake but was shocked when it was verified. She said that she had spent a gloomy Easter because of it although the day was beautiful. She asked the rhetorical question whether the vice president could do the job and concluded that this event would be a great trial for the Nation's good.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
William Pettit came to Washington, D.C. from Elkhorn, Wisconsin in the summer of 1863 to work as a clerk in the War Department. He left his wife, Hannah, and three daughters, Mary, Agnes and Lucy, at home. His main duties as a clerk were to answer letters received by the Department. He lived very frugally since he earned only $93.50 per month, part of which sent home to pay for his family's expenses and life insurance. He wrote many letters to his wife describing his activities and his thoughts related to wartime Washington. He took advantage of many opportunities available to a civil servant of the period in the nation's capitol. He occasionally attended the fortnightly open house at the White House, lectures at the Smithsonian Institution, and sessions of the Congress and Supreme Court. Since the letters in this collection are from January 2 through March 30th and October 5th through December 30th, 1864, the six summer months activities are unknown.
According to a note from his great granddaughter, Pettit was riding horseback in Washington, the day after the last letter was written, and was killed. Since there is a letter written April 17, 1865 from his wife, it is impossible to know exactly when he died.

Administration
Alternate Form Available
Typed transcriptions of all the letters (prepared by repository) are included in the collection.
Processing Information
Collection processed by Don Darroch, 1985
Author
Don Darroch
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These letters and other material were donated to the Smithsonian Institution in August 1985 by Dr. Bern Dibner of the Burndy Library, Norwalk, Connecticut. He received the materials from Gertrude Durrie Gordon who inherited them from her brother Paul Durrie who died in 1985. His wife was a descendant of the Pettit family of Wisconsin.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
William Pettit Correspondence, 1864-1865, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Ownership and Custodial History
Ownership and Custodial History
Gift of Bern Dibner, Aug. 1985. Dr. Dibner received the collection from Gertrude Durrie Gordon; she inherited it from her brother, Paul Durrie (d. 1985), whose wife was a descendant of the Pettit family of Wisconsin.

Other Finding Aids
Other Finding Aids
Inventory available.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Correspondence -- 1840-1930 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Letters (correspondence) -- 1860-1870 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
White House (Washington, D.C.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Washington (D.C.) -- 1860-1920 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Elkhorn (Wis.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil service Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slavery -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Supreme Court Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Genealogy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lincoln, Mary Todd Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pettit, Hannah Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pettit, Agnes Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pettit, Mary Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pettit, Lucy Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Congress Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives