Guide to the James A.E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0220
Creators:
Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.
Wesolowski, Sigmund A.
Dates:
1948-1951.
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.15 Cubic Feet
1 box
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented.
The 2018 addenda documents the life and career of physicist James A.E. Halkett. It includes papers relating to his education, his U.S. Navy service, his work with various employers, his research in various fields including radio, metallurgy, ordnance, and radioactivity. Some of the papers relate to his work with General Electric in developing the proximity fuse. The papers include letters; notes, including lab notes, graphs and charts; reports; drawings; photographs; training and operational manuals; bibliographic card files; journals, conference materials and other publications; and miscellany.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is organized into three series.
Series 1: James A. E. Halkett Papers
Series 2: Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers
Series 3: H.J. Sugarman Papers

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow) experimented on an early mechanical heart. In 1948, James Halkett and William Sewell succesfully bypassed the left side of a cat's heart. Modifications in the pump and surgical procedures allowed Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski and others to achieve long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Halkett and Wesolowski went on to other projects. Although Wesolowski published articles on this work, neither went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Barbara Kemp, 1986
Author
Barbara Kemp
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection donated by James A. E. Halkett and Adam Wesolow, May 6, 1985.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
James A. E. Halkett Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Accruals
Accruals
An addendum of nine cubic feet was donated to the Archives Center by Kim Gillet, Muffie Austin, Jan Truitt and Scott Halkett in 2018.

Ownership and Custodial History
Ownership and Custodial History
Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Medical Sciences, January 23, 1986.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Theses Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Surgeons Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical sciences Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heart pump Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical Equipment Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Masters theses Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heart, Artificial Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heart -- Surgery Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Biophysics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives