- Collection ID:
Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)
- Physical Description:
Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented.
The 2018 addenda documents the life and career of physicist James A.E. Halkett. It includes papers relating to his education, his U.S. Navy service, his work with various employers, his research in various fields including radio, metallurgy, ordnance, and radioactivity. Some of the papers relate to his work with General Electric in developing the proximity fuse. The papers include letters; notes, including lab notes, graphs and charts; reports; drawings; photographs; training and operational manuals; bibliographic card files; journals, conference materials and other publications; and miscellany.
The collection is organized into three series.
Series 1: James A. E. Halkett Papers
Series 2: Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers
Series 3: H.J. Sugarman Papers
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow) experimented on an early mechanical heart. In 1948, James Halkett and William Sewell succesfully bypassed the left side of a cat's heart. Modifications in the pump and surgical procedures allowed Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski and others to achieve long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Halkett and Wesolowski went on to other projects. Although Wesolowski published articles on this work, neither went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection donated by James A. E. Halkett and Adam Wesolow, May 6, 1985.
Collection transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Medical Sciences (now Division of Medicine and Science, January 23, 1986.
Collection processed by Barbara Kemp, 1986
An addendum of nine cubic feet was donated to the Archives Center by Kim Gillet, Muffie Austin, Jan Truitt and Scott Halkett in 2018.
Using the Collection
James A. E. Halkett Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012