Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0307
Creators:
Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003
Dates:
1946-1987
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
8 Cubic feet
20 boxes
Repository:
Collection is believed to contain all of Mauldin's published cartoons from 1946 to 1987; also periodical and newspaper articles about and by Mauldin, personal items, including his genealogy, and an original sketchbook used by Mauldin while he was in Vietnam, February 1965.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection contains newspaper clippings or photocopies of Mauldin's published cartoons from 1946 to 1987. Some of his most famous cartoons from World War II were reprised during this time. Newspaper and magazine articles written and/or illustrated by Mauldin are also included as are magazine covers and a Vietnam sketchbook containing pen and ink renderings of battle scenes observed by Mauldin during a visit. Other documents include correspondence, a number of articles written about Mauldin, his genealogy and photographs of his family. Some correspondence and drawings by Mauldin's friend, artist Mailton Caniff are also included.
Series 1, Artwork and Articles, 1946-1987, include published material written or drawn by Mauldin and is arranged in chronological order.
Subseries 1, Cartoons, 1946-1987, consists of clippings and draft submissions of published cartoons and are arranged in chronological order.
Subseries 2, Articles Written by Mauldin, 1947-1982, consists of clippings and drafts of newspaper and magazine articles and is arranged in chronological order.
Subseries 3, Articles Illustrated by Mauldin, 1948-1970, consists of illustrations arranged chronologically.
Subseries 4, Related Materials, 1961-1968, consists of magazine covers, sketches and a map to his wedding and is arranged in alphabetical order.
Series 2, Biographical Information, 1947-1968; undated, includes articles written about Mauldin, biography, some correspondence and reviews of and advertisements for his books. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order.
Series 3, Other Artwork, 1948-1960, include clippings of drawings by Milton Caniff and some miscellaneous material. Materials are arranged in alphabetical order.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged in three series:
Series 1, Artwork and Articles, 1946–1987
Subseries 1.1, Cartoons, 1946-1987
Subseries 1.2, Articles Written by Mauldin, 1947-1982
Subseries 1.3, Articles Illustrated by Mauldin, 1948-1970
Subseries 1.4, Related Materials, 1961-1968
Series 2, Biographical Information, 1947-1968; undated
Series 3, Other Artwork, 1948-1960

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
William Henry (Bill) Mauldin, a two-time Pulitzer Prize winning military and political cartoonist, was born in Mountain Park, New Mexico in 1921. He studied for a year at the Academy of Fine Arts in Chicago and did some freelance cartooning before World War II. He joined the Arizona National Guard and when the war broke out he was activated and became a cartoonist for the 45th Infantry Division newspaper, and later for Stars and Stripes, a newspaper written for and distributed to GI's. It was for the Stars and Stripes that he created his two most famous characters. Willie and Joe were two dog faced infantrymen whose exploits reflected Mauldin's first hand observations of combat (he was awarded the purple heart) and the anxieties and frustrations that confronted Americans in a combat zone. His cartoons were the most popular pinups in tents and barracks along with photos of movie stars. Many of the Army's leaders, including General Patton, didn't like the disrespectful tone of some of the cartoons, but General Eisenhower did, so they continued to be published.
After the war he drew political cartoons, first for United Feature Syndicates then for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and then for the Chicago Sun Times. They ranged in subject from local matters to international politics. He was a master satirist who could find the cracks in any idol be it democratic (Kennedy), republican (Eisenhower) or demagogue (De Gaulle).
Mauldin wrote newspaper and magazine articles, some on contemporary life and politics, and some based on his visits to war zones in Korea, the Mid-East and Vietnam. He wrote a number of books including Up Front which was made into a movie.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Frank R. Jenkins (volunteer), 2003; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.
Author
Frank R. Jenkins
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated by Alice R. Colquitt, on March 10, 1988.

Digital Content
More …
Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Preferred Citation
Mauldin Cartoon Collection, 1946-1987, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Custodial History
Custodial History
Transferred from the Archives of American Art, SI.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Clippings -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cartoonists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks -- 1940-1990 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence -- 1940-1990 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Genealogies Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Korean War, 1950-1953 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Vietnam Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Personal papers -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Political cartoons -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cartoons (humorous images) -- 1930-1960 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chicago Sun-Times Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Archives of American Art Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
St. Louis Post-Dispatch Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives