Guide to the Lewis M. Rutherfurd Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0364
Creators:
Schmidling, David, Dr.
Rutherfurd, Lewis Morris, 1816-1892
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution).
Dates:
1846-1884
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
0.3 Cubic feet
1 box, 1 oversized folder
Repository:
The collection documents Lewis M. Rutherfurd's work related to astronomy.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection includes two papers by Rutherfurd published in the American Journal of Science, lecture notes apparently used by Rutherfurd in teaching, and two letters from Benjamin A. Gould, an astronomer and close friend of Rutherfurd's, as well as a draft letter of Rutherfurd to the editors of the American Journal of Science and Art. Most of the collection is comprised of notebooks and loose notes in which Rutherfurd recorded his observations, calculations and designs relating to his professional activities. Two bound notebooks record observations of stars, planets and comets by telescope in 1846-1849 and 1859-1861. Other papers loose and less formally recorded on astronomical observations and the design and calibration of cameras and spectroscopes used by Rutherfurd, cover the period 1858-1874. A number of photographs of the moon and other subjects related to his work are also included.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Lewis Morris Rutherfurd (1816-1892), a native of New York, was a member of a prominent family and financially independent enough to permit his pursuit of scientific interests. After graduation from Williams College he practiced law for 10 years before devoting himself to amateur astronomy. Rutherfurd designed and made his own instruments for photography and spectroscopy in astronomical observations, often only demonstrating their capabilities before making them available to other scientists. A member of the National Academy of Sciences and numerous professional societies, Rutherfurd was awarded the Rumford Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1874 for his "improvements in the processes and methods of Astronomical Photography."

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Don Darroch, volunteer, 1989.
Author
Don Darroch
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection donated by Dr. David Schmidling, November 13, 1989.

Bibliography
Bibliography
Gould, Benjamin A., "Memoir of Lewis Morris Rutherford, 1816-1892," National Academy of Sciences, Biographical Memoirs (Washington, D.C., 1895), 3:417-441.
Mann, Robert J., "Mr. Lewis Rutherfurd's Photographs of the Sun and Fixed Stars, Photographic News 15 (1871), pp. 294-295.
Rutherfurd, Lewis M., "Astronomical Photography," American Journal of Science 39 (1865), pp. 304-309.
Rutherfurd, Lewis M., "On the Construction of the Spectroscope," American Journal of Science, 39 (1865), pp. 129-132.
Warner, Deborah Jean, "Lewis M. Rutherfurd: Pioneer Astronomical Photographer and Spectroscopist," Technology and Culture, Vol. 12, No. 2 (April 1971), pp. 190-216.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Lewis M. Rutherfurd Collection, 1846-1884, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Dr. David Schmidling.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Custodial History
Custodial History
The collection was transferred from the Division of Physical Sciences to the Archives Center in December 1989.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Notebooks -- 1850-1900 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- 19th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lecture notes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Telescopes -- 19th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Astronomers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Astronomy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- Moon -- 19th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Physical Sciences, Division of (NMAH, Smithsonian Institution). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives