Guide to the Fred S. Rosenau Papers, 1944-1945

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0478
Creators:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).
Rosenau, Fred Simon
Dates:
1944-1945
Languages:
Multiple languages
Some materials in Burmese and Thai.
Physical Description:
1 Cubic foot
3 boxes
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection contains both the personal papers of Fred Rosenau and examples of air-dropped psychological warfare literature created by the O.W.I. Amongst his personal papers, which constitute the first series, there are information guidebooks and language aids for India and Burma, a large number of Indian newspaper articles, and photographs taken by Rosenau in Calcutta. However, letters to his family in New York City compose the bulk of the personal series. Along with detailing the experience of a young American living in India and his reactions to a distinctly different culture, the letters document the organization of his O.W.I. office and the duties of its workers. In one particular letter, dated January 7, 1945, (which was hand-delivered to his family and thus avoided censorship) Rosenau was able to write freely about his work, colleagues, and responsibilities in Calcutta. In addition, there are letters from the O.W.I. headquarters in New Delhi to Rosenau, including one in which the proposed post-war job was offered.
The second series contains general information about the O.W.I. and its aims. It mainly consists of documents and photographs relating to Rosenau's office. The series includes many examples of propaganda leaflets directed towards the Burmese and Thai peoples (with attached translations) which were produced by the Calcutta team. The representative works include news bulletins on the war's progress, warnings about future Allied bombings, and a variety of anti-Japanese and morale-boosting literature. It also includes examples of leaflets dropped over Japan, which were directed at soldiers rather than civilians in an attempt to undermine their faith in the military leaders. Click here to go to provenance and related collections note.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is divided into two series.
Series 1: Personal Experience of Fred S. Rosenau
Series 2: Psychological Warfare

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Fred Simon Rosenau was a student at Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, when he joined the Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information (O.W.I.) in May 1944. After completing training at an unidentified military base camp, Rosenau traveled to Calcutta, India, where he served as Assistant Representative under the directorship of Mr. Teg Grondahl. The Calcutta office was part of the China-Burma-India (CBI) theater and as such its psychological warfare activities were directed towards Burma and Thailand. Initially Rosenau was responsible for leaflet production, including supervising their printing and delivery to air crews, as well as serving as an assistant to Grondahl. By the spring of 1945, however, Rosenau's role had been expanded and he was given new charges in the intelligence field, becoming more directly involved in the development and editing of "strategic" literature.
While in Calcutta, Rosenau lived in a series of different boarding houses. When he was not working (by the summer of 1945, his work load had been substantially reduced), he devoted his spare time to writing letters home, sightseeing around the city and neighboring areas of Bengal, and attending local cultural events. However, the heat and lack of proper sanitary conditions continued to frustrate Rosenau as he attempted to adjust to an Asian lifestyle.
Once the Japanese had surrendered in September 1945 and World War II had officially ended, Rosenau was offered a position by the Director of Psychological Warfare in India--William Carter--to join a new O.W.I news operation in Bangkok, Thailand. Its intent, as explained to Rosenau, was to fulfill the "need for American news" in Asia. Rosenau declined the offer since he was dissatisfied with the proposed salary and wanted to complete his college education. He left for the United States on the S.S. Muir in late September. Later, he attended the University of Chicago and received his bachelor of arts degree in 1947. His subsequent career is unknown. Rosenau died in 1985.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by NMAH Staff, July 19, 1993
Author
Gopika Bhatia
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated to the Armed Forces History Division of the NMAH in January 1986, by Lucy W. Rosenau, daughter of Fred Rosenau. It was transferred to the Archives Center in January 1993.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Fred S. Rosenau Papers, 1944-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.

Related Materials
Materials in the Archives Center
The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC #60) contains some three hundred posters from World War I and II.
Princeton University Poster Collection (AC 433) has over 10,600 World War I and II posters.

Custodial History
Custodial History
Transferred from the Division of Armed Forces History to the Archives Center, January 28, 1993.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
"Yank" Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- Propaganda Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Calcutta (India) -- 1940-1950 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India -- 1940-1950 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chinese language -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Japanese language -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Burmese language -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Propaganda, Anti-Japanese -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Psychological warfare -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leaflets dropped from aircraft -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Propaganda, American -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- Burma Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- China Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Thai language -- 1940-1950 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leaflets -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Thailand -- 1940-1950 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Burma -- 1940-1950 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
China -- 1940-1950 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India -- description and travel -- 1901-1946 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- Pamphlets Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 -- India Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newspapers -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Booklets -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maps -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Matchcovers -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newsletters -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Menus -- 1940-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Office of War Information Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives