Guide to Paint By Numbers Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0544
Creators:
Schiffman, Jacquelyn
Palmer Paint Company
Dates:
ca. 1934-1957.
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
5 Cubic feet
16 boxes
Repository:
Included are scrapbooks, newspaper and magazine articles, photographs, original artwork, advertising and promotional materials relating specifically to paint by numbers kits.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Series 1: Advertising contains informational and visual materials of items marketed by Klein and Robbins, as well as, publishers montage items. These materials cover products such as Toleware, Craftmaster, Paint the Number and Palmer Paint.
Series 2: General Motors contains random information about the General Motors Corporation.
Series 3: Newspaper Articles contain newspaper clippings from various sources documenting the use and popular culture surrounding Paint-By-Numbers. These articles display advertisement and marketing campaigns used by Klein and Robbins.
Series 4: Photographs contains numerous images of the Paint By Number product from factory construction to exhibit designs, as well as, images of Max Klein, Arthur Godfrey and Jimmy Durante. One image is a demo personal portrait usage by Ike and Mamie Eisenhower.
Series 5: Sketch Transparency with color information (approx. 8.5" x 11") small contains unpainted sketches with transparencies.
Series 6: Blank Sketches with colored pictures (approx. 9.5" x 12") medium contains a series of matching blank sketches accompanied by a colored picture version.
Series 7: Blank Boards contains various numbered Paint-By-Number boards.
Series 8: Completed Paintings contains painted images of various. Series 9: Colored Picture with Sketch contains painted images of various scenes.
Series 10: Colored Pictures painted images of various images and scenes accompanied by transparencies and sketches.
Series 11: Blank Sketches contains blank imagine graphics laid out in typical Paint-By-Numbers scheme.
Series 12: Scrapbooks contains bound and loose leaf pages of materials pertaining to Paint-By-Number advertisement and popular culture.
Series 13: Paint-By-Numbers Kits contains materials used to package and market the Paint-By-Numbers product.
Series 14: Sheet Music contains a score composed by Frank and Dorothy Daniels regarding the possibilities of Paint-By-Number.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is divided into 14 series.
Series 1: Advertising
Series 2: General Motors Materials Series 3: Newspaper
Series 4: Photographs Series 5: Sketch Transparency with color information small
Series 6: Blank Sketches with colored pictures (9.5 x 12) medium
Series 7: Blank Boards medium
Series 8: Completed Paintings
Series 9: Colored Picture with Sketch Series 10: Colored Pictures (medium)
Series 11: Blank Sketches (large) Series 12: Scrapbooks
Series 13: Paint-By-Numbers Kits Series 14: Sheet Music

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
The concept of paint by numbers was born in the forties when Max Klein, owner of the Palmer Paint Company of Detroit Michigan teamed up with artist Dan Robbins. Dan Robbins was a designer doing free lance artwork such as package designs and children's coloring pictures for Max Klein.
The paint by numbers kits were not a big success when Klein and Robbins attempted to sell them in 1949 under the Craft Master label.
Under the name of Craft Master they produced the first paint by numbers kits. After creating the first 30, Robbins hired artists to help him with the tedious task of making the outlines, creating transparent overlays, painting, printing and proofing artwork.
Both Klein's and Robbins wives spent time painting samples for Craft Master to test and display.
In 1959 Klein sold Craft Master which he set up as a separate company after the product became so successful. It has since gone through several ownerships.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Ida Jones, 1999.
Separated Materials
Related objects located in the Division of Home and Community Life.
Author
Ida Jones
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection donated by Jacquelyn Schiffman, 1997, September 21.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Paint By Numbers Collection, ca. 1934-1957, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.

Related Materials
Materials in the Archives Center
Industry on Parade (NMAH.AC.0507)
Episode 188, May 1954, Every man a Rembrandt! demonstrates manufacturing painting sets with numbers. Palmer Paint Company, Detroit, Michigan.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Clippings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Designs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Layouts -- 1930-1960 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sheet music -- 1920-1960 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art, American -- 1930-1960 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leisure -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painting -- 1930-1960 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives