Guide to the Patricia Bath Innovative Lives Presentation and Interview, [videotapes]

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0753
Creators:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.
Bath, Patricia, Dr., 1949-
Dates:
February 17, 2000 and March 1, 2000.
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.5 Cubic feet
2 boxes
Repository:
Dr. Patricia Bath was born in 1949 in New York. She conceived of the Laserphaco Probe in 1981 and patented it in 1988 (US Patent # 4,744,360 for an "Apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses"). The collection contains original and reference video footage of Dr. Bath's Innovative Lives Presentation documenting her work in the field of ophthalmology and her work creating and patenting the LaserPhaco Probe, an instrument to remove cataracts. Also included is an interview with Dr. Bath at her home in Los Angeles and an interview with her daughter, Eraka Bath and supplemental documentation assembled by Dr. Bath. The documentation includes photocopies of articles, patents, biographical sketch material, and selected publications and references to related to lasers and surgery of Dr. Bath

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of 8.5 hours of original (BetaCam SP) video recordings and reference (viewing) copies (VHS) documenting the life and career of Dr. Patricia Bath. The recordings include a presentation by Dr. Bath for the Lemelson Center's Innovative Lives Program and interviews at her home and laboratory in Los Angeles. The collection also includes an interview with Dr. Bath's daughter, Eraka Bath, and copies of footage from other sources about Dr. Bath's work. Additionally, there is supplemental documentation assembled by Dr. Bath. The documentation includes photocopies of articles, patents, biographical sketch material, and selected publications and references to related to lasers and surgery of Dr. Bath.

Arrangement
Arrangement
This collection is arranged into three series.
Series 1, Original Videos, 2000
Series 2, Reference Videos, 2000
Series 3, Supplemental Documentation

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Dr. Patricia Bath (1949-) was born in New York. She attended Charles Evans Hughes High School, Hunter College (B.A. 1964), and Howard University College of Medicine (M.D. 1968). Bath held a fellowship in ophthalmology at Columbia University (1969-1970) and an internship at New York University (1970-1973) where she was the first African American resident in ophthalmology. Dr. Bath later joined the faculty of UCLA and Charles R. Drew University in surgery and ophthalmology and later the Department of Ophthalmology at UCLA's Jules Stein Eye Institute. In 1976, Dr. Bath and other colleagues formed the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness (AIPB). Dr. Bath conceived of the Laserphaco, an instrument to remove cataracts in 1981. She received US patent #4,744,360 for an "Apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses" on May 17, 1988. Later patents include a method and apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses; laser apparatus for surgery of cataractous lenses; and pulsed ultrasound method for fragmenting/emulsifying and removing cataractous lenses. Dr. Bath retired from the UCLA Medical Center in 1993 to work in telemedicine, the use of electronic communication to provide medical services to remote areas where healthcare is limited.
The Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation was founded in 1995 at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History through a generous gift from the Lemelson Foundation. The Center's mission is: to document, interpret, and disseminate information about invention and innovation; to encourage inventive creativity in young people; and to foster an appreciation for the central role invention and innovation play in the history of the United States. The Innovative Lives series brings together Museum visitors and especially, school age children, and American inventors to discuss inventions and the creative process and to experiment and play with hands-on activities related to each inventor's product. This collection was recorded by the Innovative Lives Program of the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies
Series 1: Original Videos, was digitized in 2014. See repository for details.
Processing Information
The collection was processed by Alison Oswald, November 2000; revised May 2001; February 2006; and October 2014.
Author
Alison L. Oswald
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was recorded by the Innovative Lives Program of The Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation on March 1, 2000. The Innovative Lives series brings Museum visitors and American inventors together to discuss inventions and the creative process and to experiment and play with hands-on activities related to each inventor's product.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Preferred Citation
Dr. Patricia Bath Innovative Lives Presentation and Interview, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Related Materials
An anatomical eye (accession # 2000.0038.01) was donated to the Division of Medicine and Science in 2000 by Dr. Patricia Bath.

Custodial History
Custodial History
The collection was transferred to the Archives Center in 2000.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ophthalmology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American physicians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Surgeons Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oral history -- 1990-2000 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women inventors -- 20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Videotapes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
BetaCam SP (videotape format) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American women Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eye equipment and supplies Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eye diagnosis Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eye -- Examination Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eye -- Diseases Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inventions -- 1980-2000 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews -- 1980-2000 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Laserphaco (medical instrument) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inventors -- 20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ophthalmologists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medicine -- Communication systems Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives