Guide to the William Phillips Innovative Lives presentation

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0770
Creators:
Phillips, William, Dr., 1948-
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.
Dates:
2001 April 27
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 Cubic foot
4 boxes
Repository:
Approximately 5-1/2 hours of video footage documenting an interview with Dr. William Phillips, a physicist and Nobel Laureate (Physics, 1997). Phillips discusses his background, work at the National Institute of Standards (NIST) using laser light to cool gases to the lowest temperature ever achieved, and his memories of winning the Nobel Prize.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection contains approximately 5-1⁄2 hours of original (digital), master (BetaCam SP), and reference videos (VHS) documenting William Phillips, physicist and Nobel Laureate (Physics, 1997). Audience participants are students from Ormond Stone Middle School (Centreville, Virginia); Queen Anne School (Upper Marlboro, Maryland); Nysmith School (Herndon, Virginia): and Gwynn Park Middle School (Brandywine, Maryland).

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is organized into three series.
Series 1, Original Videos, 2001
Series 2, Master Videos, 2001
Series 3, Reference Videos, 2001

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Dr. William Phillips was born November 5, 1948 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. He received his B.S. from Juniata College in 1970 and his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1976. Phillips was awarded the Chaim Weizmann Fellowship at MIT to work on collisions and Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in spin-polarized hydrogen. After leaving MIT in1978, Phillips joined the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) which was renamed the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). At NIST, Phillips worked on precision measurements of the proton gyromagnetic ratio and of the Absolute Ampere. Also, he pursued laser cooling experiments which led him and colleagues Steve Chu and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji to win the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1997.
The Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation was founded in 1995 at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History through a generous gift from the Lemelson Foundation. The Center's mission is: to document, interpret, and disseminate information about invention and innovation; to encourage inventive creativity in young people; and to foster an appreciation for the central role invention and innovation play in the history of the United States. The Innovative Lives series brings together museum visitors and, especially, school aged children, and American inventors to discuss inventions and the creative process and to experiment and play with hands-on activities related to each inventor's product. This collection was recorded by the Innovative Lives Program of the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Alison L. Oswald, archivist, July 2001.
Author
Alison L. Oswald
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Transferred by the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, May 17, 2001.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use.
Preferred Citation
Dr. William Phillips Innovative Lives Presentation, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Signed releases on file.

Related Materials
Materials in the Archives Center
Nobel Voices Video History Project (AC0771)

Custodial History
Custodial History
The collection was recorded by the Innovative Lives Program of the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation on April 27, 2001.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Videotapes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
BetaCam SP (videotape format) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oral history -- 2000-2010 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews -- 2000-2010 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mini DV (Videotape format) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Physics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inventors -- 20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inventions -- 1980-2000 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nobel Prizes Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lasers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Innovative Lives Program (NMAH public program series) Title Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Physicists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slides Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cater, Anita Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chu, Steven Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cohen-Tannouudji, Claude Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Physicists -- Chronological subdivision--1930-2000 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives