Will MacPheat Collection of U.S.G.S. Photographs

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0905
Creators:
MacPheat, Will
Dates:
1920s-1930s.
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.15 Cubic feet
1 Box
Repository:
Photographs of oil and gas extraction sites and equipment taken by field personnel of the United States Geological Survey in Montana and North Dakota

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The photographs are arranged into two groups. The first group consists of black and white silver gelatin prints dating from 1929-1939 and contain detailed descriptions, including locations. A number of these prints are undated; however, handwritten inscriptions are on the images. Some of the unidentified prints have been grouped with indentified prints to which they seem related. The second group of prints consists of photographs dating from the 1960s. Most of these prints are dated; some have been identified, while others have no identification or dates. All of the photographs are arranged in chronological order when possible.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into one series.

Historical
Historical
The collection consists of photographs taken by field personnel of the United States Geological Survey in Montana and North Dakota documenting the construction of equipment for the extraction of oil and gas. Photographs include black and white silver gelatin prints (1920s-1930s), color photographs, Polaroid prints (1960s) and a few negatives. The bulk of these images are believed to have been taken during the 1920s and 1930s, with a smaller group dating from the 1960s.
Will MacPheat's description of the photographs includes the following, referring to an undated photograph: "The handwritten description pretty well tells the story - scene of 180 Quart Nitro explosion." He also refers to "equipment known in the early trade as a 'widow maker' due to the number of people who were killed by them. Loss of fingers was particularly common." He further notes: "In addition to oil field photos are photos showing some of the personnel, the Jordon Hotel in Glendive, MT (1938), a Carbon Black plant and the USGS office in 1935." Most of the early photographs are of sites, excavations, wells, and abandoned claims as well as the labor, mechanisms and structures required to obtain gas and oil from the earth. The later photographs depict the advanced equipment and techniques of the 1960s.

Administration
Processing Information
Collecition Processed by Anne Jones (volunteer); supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist, July 2012.
Author
Anne Jones
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donated to the Archives Center by Will MacPheat in 2005.

Using the Collection
Restrictions on Access
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Preferred Citation
Will MacPheat Collection of U.S.G.S. Photographs, 1920s-1930s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Oil fields Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oil wells Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Petroleum industry and trade Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geological Survey (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives