Guide to the Worthington Corporation Records
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0916
Creators:
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI
Holly Manufacturing Company
Worthington Corporation
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.
Dates:
1840-1982
Languages:
English
Collection primarily in English, but also contains trade literature in Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and French.
Physical Description:
18 Cubic feet
54 boxes, 1 map folder
Repository:
This collection documents the products and business activities of the Worthington Corporation, its predecessors and its subsidiaries. The records focus on the products that the Worthington Corporation produced, including steam pumps, hydraulic pumps and gas engines.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection documents the products and business activities of the Worthington Corporation, its predecessors and its subsidiaries. It consists of annual and monthly reports, correspondence, legal filings, trade literature, photographs, airbrushed photographs and product illustrations, financial reports, meeting minutes, newsletters, company histories and research notes, patents, blueprints, engineering sketchbooks, lecture notes, publications, and promotional material for several World's Fairs where Worthington products were exhibited.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into five series.
Series 1: Historical and Reference Materials, 1847-1965
Series 2: Administrative and Business Records, 1856-1963
Series 3: Publications, 1872-1982
Series 4: Photographs, 1840-1964
Series 5: Sketchbooks and Notebooks, 1882-1964

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Henry R. Worthington (December 17, 1817-December 17, 1880) was an innovator in the world of 19th century steam pumps earning patents for a direct-acting steam pump (US Patent no. 6274) and a duplex steam pump (US Patent 116,131). Initially, Worthington partnered with William H. Baker to found the Worthington & Baker Works in 1845, with the works based in Brooklyn. Worthington's company began by producing various pumps for naval craft, including pumps installed on the
USS Monitor
, the first ironclad ship of the US Navy. After Baker's death, Worthington changed the name of his business to the Henry R. Worthington Corporation and expanded into the production of water works pumps for major cities. Worthington pumps gained international acclaim at World's Fairs in the latter half of the 19th century. Fountains at the Centennial Exposition of 1876 and Columbian Exposition of 1892 and the hydraulic pumps for the Eiffel Tower's elevators at the Exposition Universelle of 1900 were all powered by Worthington products.
In 1899, Worthington was purchased and merged into the International Steam Pump Company, along with the Blake and Knowles Steam Pump Company, Laidlaw-Dunn-Gordon, the Snow Steam Works, the Deane Steam Pump Company and several smaller works. After the acquisition of these different works, the International Steam Pump Company's product line expanded to include gas engines and mining machinery.
International Steam Pump reverted to the Worthington name, first as Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation (1916-1952) and then as the Worthington Corporation (1952-1967). It was also during this time when Worthington relocated its main works from Brooklyn to Harrison, New Jersey in 1917. All the while, the company continued to produce hydraulic engines, gas engines and water works pumps. Through various mergers the company also diversified into refrigeration and air conditioning. In 1967, the Worthington Corporation merged with the Studebaker Automobile Manufacturing Company, becoming Studebaker-Worthington.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Miles Lawlor; supervised by Alison Oswald, archivist, July 2019.
Author
Miles Lawlor
Immediate Source of Acquisiton
Donated to the Smithsonian in the 1960s by Studebaker Worthington, Inc.

Digital Content
More …
Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Preferred Citation
Worthington Corporation Records, 1840-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Related Materials
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Pumps (AC0060)
Division of Politial and Military History
The Division of Political and Military History holds photographs of a World War I bond drive at the Deane Works of Holyoke, Massachusetts. See accessions: 1979.0015.01 and 1979.0015.04.
Division of Science and Medicine
The Division of Medicine and Science holds several Watch Dog Water Meters produced by the Worthington-Gamon Meter Company. See accessions PH.325890 and PH.325891.
Smithsonian Institution Libraries Trade Literature Collection
The libraries contain trade literature on Worthington and its subsidiaries.

Ownership and Custodial History
Ownership and Custodial History
Transferred to the Archives Center in 2007 by the Division of Work and Industry.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Financial records -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trade catalogs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Advertisements Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
England Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
London Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Patents Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Business -- History Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Steam-engines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diesel engines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pumping machinery Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Steam-turbines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rock-drills Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hazelton (Penn.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Buffalo (N.Y.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Holyoke (Mass.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- 19th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newsletters -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cincinnati (Ohio) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Minute books Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Legal documents Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence -- 19th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Grace, John F. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henry R. Worthington Pump Works Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
International Steam Pump Company Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jeanesville Iron Works Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Worthington Pump and Machinery Corporation Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives